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Open AccessArticle

Job Insecurity, Family Functionality and Mental Health: A Comparative Study between Male and Female Hospitality Workers

1
Department of Psychology, Coast University Center, University of Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 48280, Mexico
2
Department of Psychology, Universidad de Oviedo, 33003 Oviedo, Spain
3
Department of Communication and Psychology, Ciénega University Center, University of Guadalajara, Ocotlán, Jalisco 1115, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(10), 146; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10100146
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 20 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout, Perceived Efficacy, and Job Satisfaction)
The aim of the present article is to compare the family functionality, mental health and job insecurity of employees of the hospitality industry in Puerto Vallarta and Bahía de Banderas, in México. This is a quantitative and cross-sectional study. The sample was selected by non-probabilistic sampling for convenience and comprised a total of 914 people, of whom 438 were women (47.92%) and 476 were men (52.08%). The women surveyed reported more somatic symptoms, anxiety, insomnia and social dysfunction compared to men, which allows the conclusion that their mental health is vulnerable; meanwhile, men showed better perception of family functionality, a positive factor that reveals the family as a potential support factor that reduces stress, anxiety and improves men’s mental health. Another result reveals that the gender structure permeates the hotel sector, inequalities in the type of contract and income are corroborated, and the existence of a sexual division of labor to the detriment of women is confirmed, as they are mostly employed in low-skilled jobs that reproduce domestic tasks, particularly those related to cleaning and food service tasks. View Full-Text
Keywords: job insecurity; precariousness; labor gap; hospitality industries; mental health; family functionality job insecurity; precariousness; labor gap; hospitality industries; mental health; family functionality
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Vargas-Jiménez, E.; Castro-Castañeda, R.; Agulló Tomás, E.; Medina Centeno, R. Job Insecurity, Family Functionality and Mental Health: A Comparative Study between Male and Female Hospitality Workers. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 146.

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