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Open AccessArticle

The Three-Segment Control and Measurement of Reliable Monitoring of the Deformation of the Rock Mass Surface and Engineering Structures on the Międzyodrze Islands in Szczecin, NW Poland

1
Department of Geoinformatics, Maritime University of Szczecin, Żołnierska 46 Street, 71-250 Szczecin, Poland
2
Faculty of Geoengineering, Mining and Geology, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
3
Polish Geological Institute PIB Pomeranian Branch, Wieniawskiego St. 20, 71-130 Szczecin, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(5), 179; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10050179
Received: 7 February 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2020: A 10 Years Journey-Advances in Geosciences)
The research area is located in north-western Poland. It is the city of Szczecin with a particular emphasis on the Międzyodrze islands. The area of the EcoGenerator Waste Disposal Plant is part of the research area. The analysis of the geological structure of the subsurface layer of Earth’s crust within Szczecin, was carried out with particular emphasis on the EcoGenerator Waste Disposal Plant. The analysis of height changes of the benchmarks, was based on archival materials measured in two campaigns. A detailed recognition of the geological structure in connection with the analysis of changes in the height of the benchmarks was important. This enabled stable benchmarks to be located in several areas of Szczecin. They formed the basis for reliable monitoring of surface deformations of organic and existing sediments within the EkoGenerator Plant. The application of an appropriate three segment control and measurement system. In the area around the EcoGenerator Plant, vertical movements of the area were observed using the InSAR Small Baseline Subset Method. An InSAR analysis is only used here for very broad identification of the moving area. The radar data came from Sentinel 1 A and 1 B satellites. A total of 129 images from 15.11.2014 to 28.07.2019 were used.The results of the analyses conducted, form the basis for discussion and act as a summary of the considerations in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic deposits; organic soils; Międzyodrze islands; precision levelling; vertical movements; deformation monitoring; InSAR Small Baseline Subset Method organic deposits; organic soils; Międzyodrze islands; precision levelling; vertical movements; deformation monitoring; InSAR Small Baseline Subset Method
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Zygmunt, M.; Cacoń, S.; Milczarek, W.; Sanecki, J.; Piotrowski, A.; Stępień, G. The Three-Segment Control and Measurement of Reliable Monitoring of the Deformation of the Rock Mass Surface and Engineering Structures on the Międzyodrze Islands in Szczecin, NW Poland. Geosciences 2020, 10, 179.

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