Next Article in Journal
The Role of Housing Environment and Dietary Protein Source on the Gut Microbiota of Chicken
Previous Article in Journal
Expression of FOXL2 and RSPO1 in Hen Ovarian Follicles and Implication of Exogenous Leptin in Modulating Their mRNA Expression in In Vitro Cultured Granulosa Cells
Open AccessArticle

Pleurotus Ostreatus and Volvariella Volvacea Can Enhance the Quality of Purple Field Corn Stover and Modulate Ruminal Fermentation and Feed Utilization in Tropical Beef Cattle

Tropical Feed Resource Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture, KKU, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(12), 1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121084
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Nutrition)
The use of purple field corn stover contains enriched anthocyanin. Moreover, the effect of anthocyanin in purple field corn could inhibit methane (CH4) synthesis by changing hydrogen from the CH4 route to form propionic acid. However, purple field corn was found to have poor digestibility owing to its fiber linkage structure. Pleurotus ostreatus and Volvarialla volvacea are species of white-rot fungal mushroom, famous and abundant in tropical regions. These fungi have potential to decrease indigestion of cell wall contents and increase cell wall digestibility of rice straw material by secondary metabolites namely lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase enzyme, and showed the structural polymer found in rice straw and purple field corn residue. Accordingly, feeding purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus or V. volvacea will increase feed utilization and reduce CH4 production in beef cattle.
This objective is to elucidate the effect of purple field corn stover treated with Pleurotus ostreatus and Volvarialla volvacea on feed utilization, ruminal ecology, and CH4 synthesis in tropical beef cattle. Four male Thai native beef cattle (100 ± 30 kg of body weight (BW) were assigned randomly as a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Factor A (roughage sources) was rice straw and purple field corn stover and factor B was species of white-rot fungi (P. ostreatus and V. volvacea). After fermentation, crude protein (CP) was increased in rice straw and purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus and V. volvacea. The unfermented purple field corn stover contained 11.8% dry matter (DM) of monomeric anthocyanin (MAC), whereas the MAC concentration decreased when purple field corn stover was fermented with white rot fungi. There were no changes (p > 0.05) in DM intake of body weight (BW) kg/d and g/kg BW0.75 among the four treatments. The organic matter (OM), CP, and acid detergent fiber (ADF) intake were different between rice straw and purple field corn stover and were the greatest in the purple field corn stover group. Moreover, the current study showed that neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and ADF digestion was higher in purple field corn stover than in rice straw, but there were no significant differences between P. ostreatus and V. volvacea. There were significant effects of roughage sources on ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) at 4 h after feeding. Bacterial population was changed by feeding with purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus and V. volvacea. On the other hand, the number of protozoa was reduced by approximately 33% at 4 h after feeding with purple field corn stover (p < 0.01). Propionic acid concentration was different between roughage sources (p < 0.01) enhanced with purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus and V. volvacea. In addition, methane production decreased by 15% with purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus and V. volvacea compared to rice straw. There were significant differences on all nitrogen balances parameters (p < 0.05), except the fecal N excretion (p > 0.05) were not changed. Furthermore, microbial crude protein and efficiency of microbial N synthesis were enhanced when purple field corn stover fermented with P. ostreatus and V. volvacea was fed compared to rice straw group. Base on this study, it could be summarized that P. ostreatus or V. volvacea can enhance the quality of purple field corn stover and modulate rumen fermentation and feed digestion in Thai native beef cattle.
Keywords: anthocyanin; white-rot fungi; roughage; ruminant; feeding anthocyanin; white-rot fungi; roughage; ruminant; feeding
MDPI and ACS Style

Khonkhaeng, B.; Cherdthong, A. Pleurotus Ostreatus and Volvariella Volvacea Can Enhance the Quality of Purple Field Corn Stover and Modulate Ruminal Fermentation and Feed Utilization in Tropical Beef Cattle. Animals 2019, 9, 1084.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop