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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Partial Replacment of Dietary Forage Using Kelp Powder (Thallus laminariae) on Ruminal Fermentation and Lactation Performances of Dairy Cows

1
State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
3
Beijing Key Laboratory for Dairy Cow Nutrition, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing 102206, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Animals 2019, 9(10), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9100852
Received: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 22 October 2019
Kelp powder has been widely used as feed ingredient or additives in monogastric animal production and presented positive effects on production performance and intestinal microbiota because of its abundance in biomass output, novel oligosaccharides, and iodine. However, little information is available for the nutritional effects of kelp on ruminants. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of kelp partial replacing dietary forage on rumen fermentation and production performance of dairy cows. Results indicated that, a substitution of 5% kelp powder for forage in the diet reduced the fiber content in the feeding diet and then regulated the proliferation of ruminal microbiota, which lead to a significant reduction of NH3-N while increasing acetate, propionate, and total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) concentrations in rumen, and finally partly increasing milk production and milk fat content. The present study may provide more comprehensive cognition of the nutritional value of kelp powder as a dietary raw material. It may further promote the utilization of kelp powder and provide a useful dietary raw material to the husbandry of dairy cows.
Background: Kelp powder, which was rich in novel oligosaccharides and iodine might be utilized by the rumen microbiome, promoted the ruminal fermentation and finally enhanced the lactation performance of dairy cows. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of kelp powder partially replacing dietary forage on rumen fermentation and lactation performance of dairy cows. (2) Methods: In the present study, 20 Chinese Holstein dairy cows were randomly divided into two treatments, a control diet (CON) and a kelp powder replacing diet (Kelp) for a 35-d long trial. Dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, milk quality, ruminal fermentable parameters, and rumen microbiota were measured to investigate the effects of kelp powder feeding on dairy cows. (3) Results: On the lactation performance, kelp significantly increased milk iodine content and effectively enhanced milk production and milk fat content. On the fermentable aspects, kelp significantly raised TVFA while reducing the ammonia-N content. On the rumen microbial aspect, kelp feeding significantly promoted the proliferation of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria while suppressing Bacteroidetes. (4) Conclusion: kelp powder as an ingredient of feedstuff might promote the rumen fermentation ability and effectively increase milk fat and iodine content, and consequently improve the milk nutritional value. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy cows; metagenomic sequencing; kelp powder; rumen fermentation dairy cows; metagenomic sequencing; kelp powder; rumen fermentation
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Xue, F.; Sun, F.; Jiang, L.; Hua, D.; Wang, Y.; Nan, X.; Zhao, Y.; Xiong, B. Effects of Partial Replacment of Dietary Forage Using Kelp Powder (Thallus laminariae) on Ruminal Fermentation and Lactation Performances of Dairy Cows. Animals 2019, 9, 852.

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