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Animals 2018, 8(7), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8070112

Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali

1
IFAW, Yarmouth Port, MA 02675, USA
2
Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University, Jln. PB Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali 80232, Indonesia
3
BAWA, Jl. Anak Agung Gede Rai no. 550, Br. Kertha Wangsa, Lodtunduh, Ubud, Gianyar, Bali 80232, Indonesia
4
UNEP-WCMC, 219 Huntingdon Rd, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, UK
5
Conservation Research Ltd., Cambridge, CB22 5AL, UK, lexhiby@gmail.com
6
Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Jln. PB Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali 80232, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Companion Animals)
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Simple Summary

That rabies can be managed humanely using vaccination is well accepted. However, making sure enough dogs in the population are vaccinated and therefore able to fight off the virus can be challenging. Getting owners to be more responsible for their dogs should help keep the proportion of vaccinated dogs high. This study looked at dogs and people living in three villages in Sanur, Bali; the total population of dogs was 6009, of which only 200 dogs appeared to have no owner. There were some differences between these 6009 dogs in terms of their welfare, the likelihood of them being unvaccinated, the method owners used to confine them, whether they were sterilised, and where owners got them from. Most people were well informed about rabies and had positive attitudes towards dogs and vaccination. This information could then be used to plan a project to improve responsible dog ownership.

Abstract

This study gained an understanding of dog demographics, owner behaviour, and knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to rabies in three villages in Sanur, Bali, providing insights for an intervention to improve responsible dog ownership. A combination of a census of all dogs, street surveys of roaming dogs, and a Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey was used to study both dogs and people. A total of 6009 dogs were recorded, of which only 3.3% appeared to be unowned; unowned dogs had poorer welfare and were more likely to be wary of attempted approaches by people. The source of dogs, method of confinement used by owners, and whether dogs were sterilised differed between three breed types; purebred dogs, mixed breed, and Bali dogs (native breed). Three variables were found to have significant effects on the chances of not being vaccinated: age, dog type, and confinement. A mean of 3.81 roaming dogs per km of street surveyed was recorded along 28 sub-village routes. Responses to attitude statements showed that most people had a positive attitude towards dogs and vaccination and did not agree with culling. Knowledge of appropriate bite treatment and symptoms of rabies in dogs was good. View Full-Text
Keywords: dog; canine; stray dog; demographics; rabies; vaccination; owner behaviour; owner knowledge; Bali. dog; canine; stray dog; demographics; rabies; vaccination; owner behaviour; owner knowledge; Bali.
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Hiby, E.; Agustina, K.K.; Nattras Atema, K.; Bagus, G.N.; Girardi, J.; Harfoot, M.; Haryono, Y.; Hiby, L.; Irawan, H.; Kalalo, L.; Purnama, S.G.; Subrata, I.M.; Swacita, I.B.N.; Utami, N.W.A.; Januraga, P.P.; Wirawan, D.N. Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali. Animals 2018, 8, 112.

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