Next Article in Journal
The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Professional Affiliation on Expert’s View on Welfare Measures
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Animals 2017, 7(11), 86;

The Effect of Hock Injury Laterality and Lameness on Lying Behaviors and Lying Laterality in Holstein Dairy Cows

Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, 2506 River Dr. 258 Brehm Animal Science Knoxville, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 2 November 2017 / Accepted: 13 November 2017 / Published: 17 November 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [889 KB, uploaded 17 November 2017]   |  
  |   Review Reports


Lactating dairy cattle divide their lying equally between their left side and their right side. However, discomfort, such as pregnancy and cannulation, can cause a cow to shift lying side preference. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of lameness and hock injuries on lying behaviors, particularly lying laterality, of lactating dairy cows. Cows from four commercial farms in eastern Croatia that had lying behavior data, health score data, and production records were used in the study. Health scores including hock injuries and locomotion were collected once per cow. Severely lame cows had greater daily lying time compared to sound cows and moderately lame cows. Overall, cows spent 51.3 ± 1.2% of their daily lying time on the left side. Maximum hock score, locomotion score, hock injury laterality, or parity did not result in lying laterality differing from 50%. View Full-Text
Keywords: laterality; lying behavior; cow; hock injury; lameness laterality; lying behavior; cow; hock injury; lameness

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Eberhart, N.L.; Krawczel, P.D. The Effect of Hock Injury Laterality and Lameness on Lying Behaviors and Lying Laterality in Holstein Dairy Cows. Animals 2017, 7, 86.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top