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Animals 2017, 7(12), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7120087

The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View

Centre d’Eco-Etho Recherche et Education, La Combe Benzaudun sur Bine, 26460 Drôme, France
Received: 15 August 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 21 October 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
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Abstract

Mammals’ mental homologies include that they look after their young, suckle and protect them; they acquire information about the world by learning. They have five types of sensory receptors and a brain to analyze the information and they feel: that is they are sentient. Mental homologies have been largely ignored by behavioural scientists since Darwin because of certain historical beliefs. This however has not been the case for people who have had to do with non-human mammals who have long recognized their mental similarities to humans. As a result, behavioural science has sponsored some inappropriate research (examples are given). The study of another mammal species epistemology, (knowledge and world view) requires a recognition of these mental homologies. The result of a 25 year multi-disciplinary study indicates that there are nine mammalian mental homologies which define mammals. These are discussed and reviewed and further mental aptitudes which logically follow from these are pointed out. A Conditional Anthropomorphic approach is proposed. By recognizing the body/mind, whole “being” homologies of mammals, we can advance in understanding other mammal species’ and individual’s epistemology (world view), and consequently better their welfare and enrich our own lives. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal cognition; theory of mind; animal epistemology; conditional anthropomorphism animal cognition; theory of mind; animal epistemology; conditional anthropomorphism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kiley-Worthington, M. The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View. Animals 2017, 7, 87.

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