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Article

Towards a Framework for High-Performance Simulation of Livestock Disease Outbreak: A Case Study of Spread of African Swine Fever in Vietnam

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University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, 144 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
2
Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, Université de Rennes, Inria, CNRS, IRISA, 35042 Rennes, France
3
Agricultural Genetics Institute, Pham Van Dong, Bac Tu Liem, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Katja Schulz and Anette Boklund
Animals 2021, 11(9), 2743; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092743
Received: 4 July 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue African Swine Fever – Knowledge, Theses, Facts)
Disease transmission simulation programs in veterinary epidemiology in general and in simulation of African swine fever in particular are often very diverse and require great computing power. However, such programs often share similar workflows from processing input/output data, performing simulations, or storing data. Our paper proposes a common architectural framework for livestock disease transmission simulation programs in order to both improve simulation performance and reduce the effort of developing new simulation programs. Our framework was evaluated with a simulation program of African swine fever transmission currently raging in Vietnam and some other countries around the world. The results from the evaluation experiments not only demonstrate the effectiveness of the framework in terms of performance but also have practical consulting value for decision makers in Vietnam and for international colleagues.
The spread of disease in livestock is an important research topic of veterinary epidemiology because it provides warnings or advice to organizations responsible for the protection of animal health in particular and public health in general. Disease transmission simulation programs are often deployed with different species, disease types, or epidemiological models, and each research team manages its own set of parameters relevant to their target diseases and concerns, resulting in limited cooperation and reuse of research results. Furthermore, these simulation and decision support tools often require a large amount of computational power, especially for models involving tens of thousands of herds with millions of individuals spread over a large geographical area such as a region or a country. It is a matter of fact that epidemic simulation programs are often heterogeneous, but they often share some common workflows including processing of input data and execution of simulation, as well as storage, analysis, and visualization of results. In this article, we propose a novel architectural framework for simultaneously deploying any epidemic simulation program both on premises and on the cloud to improve performance and scalability. We also conduct some experiments to evaluate the proposed architectural framework on some aspects when applying it to simulate the spread of African swine fever in Vietnam. View Full-Text
Keywords: veterinary epidemiology; African swine fever; high-performance simulation; modeling; transmission and spread veterinary epidemiology; African swine fever; high-performance simulation; modeling; transmission and spread
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pham, L.M.; Parlavantzas, N.; Le, H.-H.; Bui, Q.H. Towards a Framework for High-Performance Simulation of Livestock Disease Outbreak: A Case Study of Spread of African Swine Fever in Vietnam. Animals 2021, 11, 2743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092743

AMA Style

Pham LM, Parlavantzas N, Le H-H, Bui QH. Towards a Framework for High-Performance Simulation of Livestock Disease Outbreak: A Case Study of Spread of African Swine Fever in Vietnam. Animals. 2021; 11(9):2743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092743

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pham, Linh M., Nikos Parlavantzas, Huy-Ham Le, and Quang H. Bui. 2021. "Towards a Framework for High-Performance Simulation of Livestock Disease Outbreak: A Case Study of Spread of African Swine Fever in Vietnam" Animals 11, no. 9: 2743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092743

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