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Article

Influence of Environmental Temperature and Hormonal Stimulation on the In Vitro Sperm Maturation in Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus in Advance of the Spawning Season

1
South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Zátiší 728/II, 389 25 Vodňany, Czech Republic
2
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Biotechnology and Aquaculture (IMBBC), Institute of Marine Biology, Heraklion, 71500 Crete, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ike Olivotto
Animals 2021, 11(5), 1417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051417
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 15 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reproduction of Wild and Cultured Fish)
Sperm maturation (acquisition of the potential for motility and fertilization by morphologically developed spermatozoa) in sturgeons is atypical of ray-finned fishes: it occurs outside the testes during the transit of testicular spermatozoa through the kidneys into the Wolffian ducts. We recently developed a method in which testicular spermatozoa of sterlet Acipenser ruthenus are matured in vitro when incubated in seminal fluid derived from Wolffian duct sperm. In this study, we explored whether in vitro maturation of testicular spermatozoa depends on the environmental temperature and/or hormonal stimulation of spermiation. We studied spermatozoa motility parameters after in vitro maturation of testicular sperm, concentrations of sex steroid hormones and testis morphology in sterlet males at different stages of male preparation for spawning with and without hormonal induction of spermiation. The obtained data suggest that the ability of testicular spermatozoa to be matured was not related to the environmental temperature, while hormonal stimulation was an absolute requirement for optimal in vitro maturation. The use of in vitro matured testicular spermatozoa might have considerable potential in aquaculture or conservation programs, which can be realized in cases of accidental death of valuable broodstock or failure to obtain Wolffian duct sperm of high quality.
Sturgeon sperm maturation occurs outside the testes during the transit of testicular spermatozoa (TS) through the kidneys and the Wolffian ducts. A method of in vitro TS maturation in sterlet Acipenser ruthenus was used to investigate the effects of temperature and hormonal stimulation of spermiation on the ability of TS to complete this process. Spermatozoa motility parameters after in vitro maturation of testicular sperm, concentrations of sex steroid hormones and testis morphology were studied in three groups of sterlet: (1) after overwintering in ponds (OW), (2) adapted to spawning temperature (ST), and (3) adapted to spawning temperature with hormonal induction of spermiation (ST-HI). Blood plasma concentrations of testosterone, 11-ketotestosterone and 17,20β-dihydroxy-pregnenolone increased significantly after hormonal induction of spermiation (group ST-HI). In all groups, TS were not motile. After in vitro sperm maturation, motility was up to 60% only in group ST-HI. The data suggest that the ability of TS to be matured in vitro was not related to the environmental temperature, while hormonal stimulation of spermiation during the spawning season was an absolute requirement for optimal in vitro maturation. View Full-Text
Keywords: sturgeon; kidney; Wolffian duct; seminal fluid; sperm maturation; spermatozoan motility; hormonal stimulation of spermiation; sex steroid hormones sturgeon; kidney; Wolffian duct; seminal fluid; sperm maturation; spermatozoan motility; hormonal stimulation of spermiation; sex steroid hormones
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dzyuba, V.; Cosson, J.; Papadaki, M.; Mylonas, C.C.; Steinbach, C.; Rodina, M.; Tučkova, V.; Linhart, O.; Shelton, W.L.; Gela, D.; Boryshpolets, S.; Dzyuba, B. Influence of Environmental Temperature and Hormonal Stimulation on the In Vitro Sperm Maturation in Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus in Advance of the Spawning Season. Animals 2021, 11, 1417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051417

AMA Style

Dzyuba V, Cosson J, Papadaki M, Mylonas CC, Steinbach C, Rodina M, Tučkova V, Linhart O, Shelton WL, Gela D, Boryshpolets S, Dzyuba B. Influence of Environmental Temperature and Hormonal Stimulation on the In Vitro Sperm Maturation in Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus in Advance of the Spawning Season. Animals. 2021; 11(5):1417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051417

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dzyuba, Viktoriya, Jacky Cosson, Maria Papadaki, Constantinos C. Mylonas, Christoph Steinbach, Marek Rodina, Vladimira Tučkova, Otomar Linhart, William L. Shelton, David Gela, Sergii Boryshpolets, and Borys Dzyuba. 2021. "Influence of Environmental Temperature and Hormonal Stimulation on the In Vitro Sperm Maturation in Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus in Advance of the Spawning Season" Animals 11, no. 5: 1417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051417

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