Next Article in Journal
Animal Welfare Consequences of Organic Boar Fattening and Occurrence of Boar Taint on Five Commercial Farms
Previous Article in Journal
Ecological Analysis of the Helminth Community of the Wood Mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus, along an 18-Year Post-Fire Regeneration Period in a Mediterranean Ecosystem
Previous Article in Special Issue
Safety of Dietary Camelina Oil Supplementation in Healthy, Adult Dogs
Article

Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Siberian Huskies

1
Centre for Nutrition Modeling, Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
2
Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
3
Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada
4
Guelph Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 93 Stone Road West, Guelph, ON N1G 5C9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giacomo Biagi
Animals 2021, 11(10), 2928; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11102928
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 1 October 2021 / Accepted: 4 October 2021 / Published: 10 October 2021
Gastric emptying is the release of nutrients from the stomach into the small intestine. The rate at which gastric emptying occurs may be associated with diabetes and obesity risk in humans and could help prevent weight gain in dogs. The largest portion of carbohydrates in pet diets is provided by various starches that are digested and absorbed at different rates. This study investigated the effects of common starch ingredients found in commercial dog foods on the gastric emptying rate in dogs. Dogs received each test diet once (4 total) and a glucose control twice in a randomized order, along with acetaminophen. Blood samples were taken once prior to meal consumption and at multiple time points after to determine acetaminophen concentrations. A mathematical model was used to estimate the rate of gastric emptying using postprandial acetaminophen concentrations. Overall, more gastric emptying occurred at a faster rate in dogs when fed the diet containing the highest fraction of starch ingredients resistant to canine digestion. These findings suggest that the inclusion of different starch sources may be associated with altered digestion and absorption of nutrients, which consequently affects gastric emptying rate. The link between carbohydrate sources and gastric emptying may provide a mechanism to prevent weight gain in dogs.
Gastric emptying rate (GER) may impact diabetes and obesity in humans and could provide a method to reduce canine weight gain. Starch, the most common source of carbohydrates (CHOs) in pet food, is classified as rapidly or slowly digestible, or resistant to digestion. This study investigated starch source effects in commercial extruded dog foods on the GER of 11 healthy adult Siberian Huskies. Test diets were classified as traditional, grain-free, whole-grain, and vegan. Dogs received each diet once, a glucose control twice, and acetaminophen (Ac) as a marker for GER in a randomized, partially replicated, 6 × 6 Latin square design. Pre- and post-prandial blood samples were collected at 16 timepoints from −15 to 480 min. Serum Ac concentrations were assessed via standard spectrophotometric assays and fitted with a mathematical model to estimate parameters of GER. Parameter values were subjected to ANOVA, with period and treatment as fixed effects and dog as a random effect. More total emptying (p = 0.074) occurred at a faster rate (p = 0.028) in dogs fed the grain-free diet, which contained the lowest total starch (34.03 ± 0.23%) and highest resistant starch (0.52 ± 0.007%). This research may benefit future diet formulations to reduce the prevalence of canine weight gain. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine; carbohydrates; grain-free; pet food; pharmacokinetic mathematical modelling; acetaminophen tracking canine; carbohydrates; grain-free; pet food; pharmacokinetic mathematical modelling; acetaminophen tracking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Richards, T.L.; Rankovic, A.; Cant, J.P.; Shoveller, A.K.; Adolphe, J.L.; Ramdath, D.; Verbrugghe, A. Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Siberian Huskies. Animals 2021, 11, 2928. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11102928

AMA Style

Richards TL, Rankovic A, Cant JP, Shoveller AK, Adolphe JL, Ramdath D, Verbrugghe A. Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Siberian Huskies. Animals. 2021; 11(10):2928. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11102928

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richards, Taylor L., Alexandra Rankovic, John P. Cant, Anna K. Shoveller, Jennifer L. Adolphe, Dan Ramdath, and Adronie Verbrugghe. 2021. "Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Siberian Huskies" Animals 11, no. 10: 2928. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11102928

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop