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Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Health and Performances, and Potential Mitigation Strategies

Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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Animals 2020, 10(8), 1266; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081266
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 23 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Poultry)
High environmental temperature alters the poultry health and performances by causing heat stress. Heat stress elicits physiological, behavioral, and production changes in poultry. This review article summarizes these changes along with the strategies that have been used in the poultry industry to ameliorate the adverse effects of heat stress in poultry.
Heat stress is one of the major environmental stressors in the poultry industry resulting in substantial economic loss. Heat stress causes several physiological changes, such as oxidative stress, acid-base imbalance, and suppressed immunocompetence, which leads to increased mortality and reduced feed efficiency, body weight, feed intake, and egg production, and also affects meat and egg quality. Several strategies, with a variable degree of effectiveness, have been implemented to attenuate heat stress in poultry. Nutritional strategies, such as restricting the feed, wet or dual feeding, adding fat in diets, supplementing vitamins, minerals, osmolytes, and phytochemicals, have been widely studied and found to reduce the deleterious effects of heat stress. Furthermore, the use of naked neck (Na) and frizzle (F) genes in certain breed lines have also gained massive attention in recent times. However, only a few of these strategies have been widely used in the poultry industry. Therefore, developing heat-tolerant breed lines along with proper management and nutritional approach needs to be considered for solving this problem. Thus, this review highlights the scientific evidence regarding the effects of heat stress on poultry health and performances, and potential mitigation strategies against heat stress in broiler chickens and laying hens. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat stress; mitigation; oxidative stress; physiological changes; poultry heat stress; mitigation; oxidative stress; physiological changes; poultry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wasti, S.; Sah, N.; Mishra, B. Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Health and Performances, and Potential Mitigation Strategies. Animals 2020, 10, 1266. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081266

AMA Style

Wasti S, Sah N, Mishra B. Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Health and Performances, and Potential Mitigation Strategies. Animals. 2020; 10(8):1266. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081266

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wasti, Sanjeev; Sah, Nirvay; Mishra, Birendra. 2020. "Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Health and Performances, and Potential Mitigation Strategies" Animals 10, no. 8: 1266. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081266

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