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Article

Hematological and Biochemical Reference Intervals for 5 Adult Hunting Dog Breeds Using a Blood Donor Database

1
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Blood Bank and Transfusion Unit EMOVET-UNIPG, University of Perugia, 06126 Perugia, Italy
2
School of Bioscences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, 62024 Camerino, Italy
3
Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, 06124 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(7), 1212; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10071212
Received: 20 June 2020 / Revised: 13 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 16 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hematology and Transfusion Medicine in Animals)
Hematological and biochemical profiles are essential in the diagnosis and monitoring of disease in veterinary medicine, requiring optimal Reference Intervals (RIs) for accurate interpretation. The aim of this study is to determine hematobiochemical RIs for 5 hunting dog breeds from a blood donor database and to compare them with laboratory established and published RIs to identify possible breed and attitude-related differences. A total of 445 healthy adult hunting dogs (156 Ariégeois, A; 52 Bleu de Gascogne, B; 64 Bracco italiano, C; 123 Segugio italiano, D; 50 Briquet Griffon Vandeen, E) were included in the study. Significant differences in 12 hematologic and serum biochemical analytes, for which a breed-specific variation appears to be the most plausible explanation, were detected, and new RIs for these parameters are provided.
Numerous studies have shown the importance of breed-related differences between hematological and biochemical results in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study is to determine hematologic and biochemical Reference Intervals (RIs) for 5 hunting dog breeds from a blood donor database, adopting an indirect sampling method, and to compare them with laboratory established and published RIs to identify possible breed and attitude-related differences. The study analyzed the blood parameters of 445 adults (222 females and 223 male, with age ranging from 2 to 8 years, mean age 5.3 years), client-owned, clinically healthy blood donor dogs of 5 breeds: 156 Ariégeois, 52 Bleu de Gascogne, 64 Bracco italiano, 123 Segugio italiano, and 50 Briquet Griffon Vandeen. Statistical analysis was performed as recommended by the American Society of Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) guidelines. RIs for red blood cells (RBC), hematocrit (HCT), hemoglobin (HB), main corpuscular volume (MCV), main corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), main corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red distribution widht (RDW), white blood cells (WBC), and differential leukocytes count, PLT, Albumin, Total Protein, Urea, Creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) for each of the 5 breeds were performed, and significant differences with the established RIs were detected. We found significant differences in 12 hematologic and serum biochemical analytes for which a breed-specific variation appears to be the most plausible explanation. New RIs for HCT, MCH, MCHC, RDW, PLT, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Albumin, Urea, Creatinine, AST, and ALT are provided for at least 1 breed. Breed-specific RIs for adult hunting dogs will help avoid misinterpretation of laboratory results in these breeds. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood donors; breed; hunting dogs; hematology; biochemistry; reference intervals blood donors; breed; hunting dogs; hematology; biochemistry; reference intervals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miglio, A.; Gavazza, A.; Siepi, D.; Bagaglia, F.; Misia, A.; Antognoni, M.T. Hematological and Biochemical Reference Intervals for 5 Adult Hunting Dog Breeds Using a Blood Donor Database. Animals 2020, 10, 1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10071212

AMA Style

Miglio A, Gavazza A, Siepi D, Bagaglia F, Misia A, Antognoni MT. Hematological and Biochemical Reference Intervals for 5 Adult Hunting Dog Breeds Using a Blood Donor Database. Animals. 2020; 10(7):1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10071212

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miglio, Arianna, Alessandra Gavazza, Donatella Siepi, Francesco Bagaglia, Ambra Misia, and Maria T. Antognoni 2020. "Hematological and Biochemical Reference Intervals for 5 Adult Hunting Dog Breeds Using a Blood Donor Database" Animals 10, no. 7: 1212. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10071212

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