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Open AccessReview

The Effects of Fungal Feed Additives in Animals: A Review

1
Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
2
The iEGG and Animal Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(5), 805; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050805
Received: 5 April 2020 / Revised: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 6 May 2020
Fungal probiotics and ferments have potential as feed additives, but their use has long been ignored. The main goal of this review article is to report on the potential benefits and hazards of fungal feed additives. Previous research indicates that fungal feed additives enhance antioxidant capacity and decrease the inflammatory response in animals through polysaccharides, triterpenes, polyphenols, ergosterol, and adenosine. Accordingly, fungal feed additives could further enhance growth performance and animal health and could be of functional use.
As probiotics, fungi enhance animal health and are suitable animal feed additives. In addition to brewing fungi, there are also edible and medicinal fungi. Common fungi utilized in feeding programs include Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus oryzae, Pleurotus spp., Antrodia cinnamomea, and Cordyceps militaris. These fungi are rich in glucans, polysaccharides, polyphenols, triterpenes, ergosterol, adenosine, and laccases. These functional components play important roles in antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and immune system regulation. As such, fungal feed additives could be of potential use when breeding livestock. In previous studies, fungal feed additives enhanced body weight and egg production in poultry and improved the feed conversion rate. Several mycotoxins can be produced by hazardous fungi but fortunately, the cell walls constituents and enzymes of fungal probiotics can also act to decrease the toxicity of mycotoxins. Overall, fungal feed additives are of value, but their safety and usage must be studied further, including cost-benefit economic analyses. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungi; probiotic; feed additive; mushroom waste compost fungi; probiotic; feed additive; mushroom waste compost
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chuang, W.Y.; Hsieh, Y.C.; Lee, T.-T. The Effects of Fungal Feed Additives in Animals: A Review. Animals 2020, 10, 805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050805

AMA Style

Chuang WY, Hsieh YC, Lee T-T. The Effects of Fungal Feed Additives in Animals: A Review. Animals. 2020; 10(5):805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050805

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chuang, Wen Y.; Hsieh, Yun C.; Lee, Tzu-Tai. 2020. "The Effects of Fungal Feed Additives in Animals: A Review" Animals 10, no. 5: 805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050805

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