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Article

Genomic Scan for Selection Signature Reveals Fat Deposition in Chinese Indigenous Sheep with Extreme Tail Types

1
Key Laborary of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction (Poultry) of Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, Shangdong 271018, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Animals 2020, 10(5), 773; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050773
Received: 16 April 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 29 April 2020
According to the tail types, sheep can be briefly classified into three groups (fat-tailed, fat-rumped, and thin-tailed sheep). In this study, we used these three typical breeds from Chinese indigenous sheep breeds to perform a genome scan for selective sweeps using Ovine Infinium HD SNP BeadChip genotype data. Results showed that 25 genomic regions exhibited selection signals and harbored 73 positional candidate genes. These genes were documented not only to be associated with tail fat formation, but also be related to reproduction, body conformation, and appearance. Our findings contributed to understanding genetic basis of fat deposition in sheep tail and provide a reference for developing new sheep breeds with an ideal tail type.
It is a unique feature that fat can be deposited in sheep tails and rumps. To elucidate the genetic mechanism underlying this trait, we collected 120 individuals from three Chinese indigenous sheep breeds with extreme tail types, namely large fat-tailed sheep (n = 40), Altay sheep (n = 40), and Tibetan sheep (n = 40), and genotyped them using the Ovine Infinium HD SNP BeadChip. Then genomic scan for selection signatures was performed using the hapFLK. In total, we identified 25 genomic regions exhibiting evidence of having been under selection. Bioinformatic analysis of the genomic regions showed that selection signatures related to multiple candidate genes had a demonstrated role in phenotypic variation. Nine genes have documented association with sheep tail types, including WDR92, TBX12, WARS2, BMP2, VEGFA, PDGFD, HOXA10, ALX4, and ETAA1. Moreover, a number of genes were of particular interest, including RXFP2 associated with the presence/absence and morphology of horns; MITF involved in coat color; LIN52 and SYNDIG1L related to the number of teats; MSRB3 gene associated with ear sizes; LTBP2 considered as a positional candidate genes for number of ribs; JAZF1 regulating lipid metabolism; PGRMC2, SPAG17, TSHR, GTF2A1, and LARP1B implicated with reproductive traits. Our findings provide insights into fat tail formation and a reference for carrying out molecular breeding and conservation in sheep. View Full-Text
Keywords: tail type; selection signature; sheep; fat deposition tail type; selection signature; sheep; fat deposition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, F.; Deng, T.; Shi, L.; Wang, W.; Zhang, Q.; Du, L.; Wang, L. Genomic Scan for Selection Signature Reveals Fat Deposition in Chinese Indigenous Sheep with Extreme Tail Types. Animals 2020, 10, 773. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050773

AMA Style

Zhao F, Deng T, Shi L, Wang W, Zhang Q, Du L, Wang L. Genomic Scan for Selection Signature Reveals Fat Deposition in Chinese Indigenous Sheep with Extreme Tail Types. Animals. 2020; 10(5):773. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050773

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Fuping, Tianyu Deng, Liangyu Shi, Wenwen Wang, Qin Zhang, Lixin Du, and Lixian Wang. 2020. "Genomic Scan for Selection Signature Reveals Fat Deposition in Chinese Indigenous Sheep with Extreme Tail Types" Animals 10, no. 5: 773. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050773

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