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Open AccessArticle

In Vitro Efficiency of Antimicrobial Peptides against Staphylococcal Pathogens Associated with Canine Pyoderma

1
Department of Oral Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, 25 Dębowa Str., 80-204 Gdansk, Poland
2
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, 107 Gen. J. Hallera Str., 80-416 Gdansk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(3), 470; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030470
Received: 20 February 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Veterinary Clinical Studies)
Coagulase-positive staphylococci (CoPS) are predominant pathogens in canine pyoderma, especially S. pseudintermedius and S. aureus. The antimicrobial resistance of CoPS has a key role in the management of canine skin infections. The vast majority of those diseases have a chronic character with a tendency to recur, which is reflected by recurrent systemic antibiotic therapy, associated with an alarming increase in the proportion of antibiotic-resistant staphylococci. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) seem to be a promising alternative to conventional antibiotics. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of selected AMPs against pathogenic staphylococcal strains, including multidrug- and methicillin-resistant strains isolated from canine pyoderma cases. The tested AMPs were shown to be equally efficient antimicrobial agents against resistant- and susceptible pathogenic staphylococcal strains associated with canine pyoderma. AMPs were more efficient against S. pseudintermedius than against S. aureus strains. Our findings seem to be particularly interesting from a clinical perspective, as a starting point from which to perform in vivo experiments to estimate the usefulness of these peptides as topical drug molecules for the treatment of canine pyoderma.
The emergence of staphylococcal canine pathogens resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents is a growing and urgent problem in veterinary practice. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) seem to be a promising alternative to conventional antibiotics. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of selected AMPs against pathogenic staphylococcal strains, including multidrug- and methicillin-resistant strains isolated from canine pyoderma cases. Seven antimicrobial peptides (aurein 1.2, CAMEL, citropin 1.1, protegrin-1, pexiganan, temporin A and uperin 3.6) synthesized by the 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) solid-phase method were tested. The minimal inhibitory and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) were determined by the broth microdilution method. The study showed that analyzed AMPs exerted an extensive effect against canine pathogens, with the most active peptide being uperin 3.6. The tested AMPs were equally efficient against both resistant- and susceptible staphylococcal strains and were more efficient against Staphylococcus pseudintermedius than against Staphylococcus aureus strains. Our findings are particularly interesting from a clinical perspective, as they point to AMPs as potential therapeutic topical agents in canine pyoderma cases associated with antimicrobial resistance of staphylococci. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial peptides; canine pyoderma; Staphylococcus pseudintermedius antimicrobial peptides; canine pyoderma; Staphylococcus pseudintermedius
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Jarosiewicz, M.; Garbacz, K.; Neubauer, D.; Kamysz, W. In Vitro Efficiency of Antimicrobial Peptides against Staphylococcal Pathogens Associated with Canine Pyoderma. Animals 2020, 10, 470.

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