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Article

Comparative Kinematic Analysis of Hurdle Clearance Technique in Dogs: A Preliminary Report

1
Department Comparative Anatomy and Pathology, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Trasmontaña S/N, 35416 Arucas, Spain
3
Maimonides Biomedical Research Institute (IMIBIC), 1404 Córdoba, Spain
4
Animal Medicine and Surgery Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(12), 2405; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122405
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
Hurdle jumping is part of the increasingly popular canine agility competition. Although the jumping characteristics of agility dogs have been examined in recent years, there is currently a lack of data related to the suspension phase. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the biomechanics of the suspension phase of the agility jump and to analyze the kinematic differences in dogs with different jumping abilities. Two groups of dogs competing at different skill levels and assessed as excellent jumpers and less-skilled jumpers, respectively, were analyzed and compared. Excellent jumpers showed longer and faster jumps with flatter jump trajectories than less-skilled jumpers. In less-skilled jumpers, the distance in front of the hurdle was notably greater than the distance behind it, while the difference between these two distances was less in excellent jumpers. Length and duration of the jump, maximal height of the jumping trajectory, take-off and landing distances to the hurdle, time of occurrence of maximal jump height, and time of change in back orientation essentially defines the suspension phase of the agility jump. This study presents preliminary evidence that the kinematic characteristics of hurdle clearance are different in excellent jumper dogs and in less-skilled jumper dogs.
Although the jumping characteristics of agility dogs have been examined in recent years, there is currently a lack of data related to the suspension phase. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the biomechanics of the suspension phase of the agility jump and to analyze the kinematic differences in dogs with different jumping abilities. Two groups of dogs of the same height category (large dogs) competing at different skill levels and assessed as excellent jumpers (n = 4) and less-skilled jumpers (n = 3), respectively, were analyzed and statistically compared. Excellent jumpers showed longer and faster jumps with flatter jump trajectories than less-skilled jumpers. In less-skilled jumpers, the distance in front of the hurdle was notably greater than the distance behind it, while the difference between these two distances was less in excellent jumpers. Length and duration of the jump, maximal height of the jumping trajectory, take-off and landing distances to the hurdle, time of occurrence of maximal jump height, and time of change in back orientation essentially defines the suspension phase of the agility jump. This study presents preliminary evidence that the kinematic characteristics of hurdle clearance are different in excellent jumper dogs and in less-skilled jumper dogs. View Full-Text
Keywords: dog; jumping; biomechanics; agility dog; jumping; biomechanics; agility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miró, F.; López, P.; Vilar, J.M.; Galisteo, A.M.; Vivo, J.; Garrido-Castro, J.L.; Gutierrez-Cepeda, L. Comparative Kinematic Analysis of Hurdle Clearance Technique in Dogs: A Preliminary Report. Animals 2020, 10, 2405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122405

AMA Style

Miró F, López P, Vilar JM, Galisteo AM, Vivo J, Garrido-Castro JL, Gutierrez-Cepeda L. Comparative Kinematic Analysis of Hurdle Clearance Technique in Dogs: A Preliminary Report. Animals. 2020; 10(12):2405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122405

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miró, Francisco, Patricia López, Jose M. Vilar, Alfonso M. Galisteo, Joaquín Vivo, Juan L. Garrido-Castro, and Luna Gutierrez-Cepeda. 2020. "Comparative Kinematic Analysis of Hurdle Clearance Technique in Dogs: A Preliminary Report" Animals 10, no. 12: 2405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122405

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