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Open AccessArticle

Relationship between Resting and Recovery Heart Rate in Horses

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Arbeitsgruppe Pferd, 52428 Juelich, Germany
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Centro de Fisiología y Fisiopatología del Equino Deportivo, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Buenos Aires 1900, Argentine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(1), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010120
Received: 6 December 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 11 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Physiology)
Veterinary check points are established at certain distances within an endurance race to ensure the health of the competing horses. In the vet checks horses are stopped and examined. Heart rate (HR) is one of the parameters controlled. The horses can continue racing after reaching a pre-defined and arbitrary HR only, providing all other parameters are in good order too. The results of this study show that the time until the pre-defined HR is reached is shorter when the resting HR of a horse is lower. The study shows that the lower resting HR is not related to a higher endurance. Therefore, pre-determined arbitrary HR recovery values may not allow for fair competition during endurance racing. Instead, HR recovery tests based on individual HR should be introduced.
In endurance racing the heart rate (HR) of horses in the veterinary gates has to reach a maximum set to continue racing. There is no literature on the relationship between resting HR (HRresting) and HR after exercise (HRrecovery). This relationship was examined in seven horses and the results were related to their v4 (speed at which the blood lactate concentration is 4 mmol/L). Horses were submitted to an exercise test to determine v4. Thereafter, horses were exercised on a treadmill in randomized order for 10 and 60 min at different speeds. HR was measured before exercise and several times until 30 min of recovery. The relationship between HRresting and HRrecovery was significant in 16 out of 35 comparisons. There were no significant relationships between the v4 of the horses and their HRresting and between v4 and HRrecovery after 10 min of exercise, regardless of the speed of exercise, with one exception. The relationship between the v4 of the horses and their HRrecovery after 60 min of exercise was significant in the fifth minute after exercise at 3.5 m/s only. Conclusion: Because HRresting and HRrecovery are often related, pre-determined arbitrary HRrecovery values may not allow for fair competition during endurance racing. View Full-Text
Keywords: endurance; exercise; health; lactate; welfare endurance; exercise; health; lactate; welfare
MDPI and ACS Style

Lindner, A.; Esser, M.; López, R.; Boffi, F. Relationship between Resting and Recovery Heart Rate in Horses. Animals 2020, 10, 120.

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