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Article

Lifestyle, Lineage, and Geographical Origin Influence Temperature-Dependent Phenotypic Variation across Yeast Strains during Wine Fermentation

1
School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, 1142 Auckland, New Zealand
2
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, 1142 Auckland, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(9), 1367; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091367
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 5 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wine Yeast 1.0)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts are a diverse group of single-celled eukaryotes with tremendous phenotypic variation in fermentation efficiency, particularly at different temperatures. Yeast can be categorized into subsets based on lifestyle (Clinical, Fermentation, Laboratory, and Wild), genetic lineage (Malaysian, Mosaic, North American, Sake, West African, and Wine), and geographical origin (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania) to start to understand their ecology; however, little is known regarding the extent to which these groupings drive S. cerevisiae fermentative ability in grape juice at different fermentation temperatures. To investigate the response of yeast within the different subsets, we quantified fermentation performance in grape juice by measuring the lag time, maximal fermentation rate (Vmax), and fermentation finishing efficiency of 34 genetically diverse S. cerevisiae strains in grape juice at five environmentally and industrially relevant temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C). Extensive multivariate analysis was applied to determine the effects of lifestyle, lineage, geographical origin, strain, and temperature on yeast fermentation phenotypes. We show that fermentation capability is inherent to S. cerevisiae and that all factors are important in shaping strain fermentative ability, with temperature having the greatest impact, and geographical origin playing a lesser role than lifestyle or genetic lineage. View Full-Text
Keywords: fermentation kinetics; genetic lineage; geographical origin; lifestyle strategies; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; temperature; wine fermentation kinetics; genetic lineage; geographical origin; lifestyle strategies; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; temperature; wine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Deed, R.C.; Pilkington, L.I. Lifestyle, Lineage, and Geographical Origin Influence Temperature-Dependent Phenotypic Variation across Yeast Strains during Wine Fermentation. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1367. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091367

AMA Style

Deed RC, Pilkington LI. Lifestyle, Lineage, and Geographical Origin Influence Temperature-Dependent Phenotypic Variation across Yeast Strains during Wine Fermentation. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(9):1367. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091367

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deed, Rebecca C., and Lisa I. Pilkington 2020. "Lifestyle, Lineage, and Geographical Origin Influence Temperature-Dependent Phenotypic Variation across Yeast Strains during Wine Fermentation" Microorganisms 8, no. 9: 1367. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091367

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