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Review

Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Granada, C/Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Research Institute of Horticulture, 96-101 Skierniewice, Poland
3
CREA—Research Centre for Viticulture and Enology, via XXVIII Aprile 26, 31015 Conegliano, Italy
4
Institute of Land Use, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of Rostock, 18051 Rostock, Germany
5
Institute of Biotechnology, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(11), 1655; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8111655
Received: 10 August 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 25 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microorganisms and Plant Nutrition)
Aspergillus terreus is an important saprophytic filamentous fungus that can be found in soils. Like many other soil microorganisms, A. terreus demonstrates multiple functions and offers various important metabolites, which can be used in different fields of human activity. The first application of A. terreus on an industrial level is the production of itaconic acid, which is now considered as one of the most important bioproducts in the Green Chemistry field. The general schemes for itaconic acid production have been studied, but in this mini-review some lines of future research are presented based on analysis of the published results. A. terreus is also intensively studied for its biocontrol activity and plant growth-promoting effect. However, this microorganism is also known to infect important crops such as, amongst others, rice, wheat, potato, sugar cane, maize, and soybean. It was suggested, however, that the balance between positive vs. negative effects is dependent on the soil-plant-inoculant dose system. A. terreus has frequently been described as an important human pathogen. Therefore, its safety manipulation in biotechnological processes for the production of itaconic acid and some drugs and its use in soil-plant systems should be carefully assessed. Some suggestions in this direction are discussed, particularly concerning the uses in crop production. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aspergillus terreus; plant growth promotion; biocontrol; itaconic acid production; pathogenicity Aspergillus terreus; plant growth promotion; biocontrol; itaconic acid production; pathogenicity
MDPI and ACS Style

Vassileva, M.; Malusá, E.; Eichler-Löbermann, B.; Vassilev, N. Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1655. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8111655

AMA Style

Vassileva M, Malusá E, Eichler-Löbermann B, Vassilev N. Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(11):1655. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8111655

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vassileva, Maria, Eligio Malusá, Bettina Eichler-Löbermann, and Nikolay Vassilev. 2020. "Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back" Microorganisms 8, no. 11: 1655. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8111655

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