Next Article in Journal
Functional Analysis of MaWRKY24 in Transcriptional Activation of Autophagy-Related Gene 8f/g and Plant Disease Susceptibility to Soil-Borne Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation of Chicken Anemia Virus (CAV) Virus-Like Particles and Chicken Interleukin-12 for Vaccine Development Using a Baculovirus Expression System
Open AccessArticle

Household Survey of Trachoma among Children Living in Pernambuco, Brazil

University of Pernambuco, Recife 50100130, Pernambuco, Brazil
Department of Epidemiological Surveillance, First Healthcare Region of the Health Department of the State of Pernambuco, Recife 50050911, Pernambuco, Brazil
Aggeu Magalhães Institute (IAM), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Recife 50740465, Pernambuco, Brazil
Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife 50670901 Pernambuco, Brazil
Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036900, Brazil
Ministry of Health, Brasília 70058900, DF, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2019, 8(4), 263;
Received: 16 September 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
This study analyzed the association between individual and household factors and the incidence of trachoma among a population aged between 1 and 9 years in the state of Pernambuco. This was a population-based household study conducted using a population-based sample of residents from 96 census sectors of the 1778 sectors considered to be at social risk in the state. The estimated odds ratio of the univariate analysis presented a confidence interval of 95%. Weights and clusters were adjusted through the Generalized Linear and Latent Mixed Model (GLLAM) method. Trachoma cases were the dependent variable in the multivariate analysis. The independent variables were selected through the stepwise forward method, with an input criterion of 20% (p < 0.20) and an output criterion of 10% (p < 0.10). The prevalence was 6.65%. Trachoma was associated with a female sex, age of 5–9 years, either the absence of use or infrequent use of soap to wash the hands and face, the presence of nasal secretion, a lack of piped water from a public supply system, a greater number of rooms used for sleeping, a greater number of people living in the same household, and a family income of up to one minimum monthly wage. The prevalence of follicular trachoma in Pernambuco was higher than what is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). View Full-Text
Keywords: neglected diseases; trachoma; Chlamydia trachomatis; epidemiological surveys; health inequalities neglected diseases; trachoma; Chlamydia trachomatis; epidemiological surveys; health inequalities
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Brito, C.M.G.; Barbosa, C.C.; Andrade, S.M.C.; Oliveira, A.L.S.; Montarroyos, U.R.; Ferraz, C.; Vieira, M.T.; Lopes, M.F.C.; Gouveia, G.C.; Medeiros, Z.M. Household Survey of Trachoma among Children Living in Pernambuco, Brazil. Pathogens 2019, 8, 263.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop