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Open AccessArticle

First Detection of Carbapenem-Resistant Escherichia fergusonii Strains Harbouring Beta-Lactamase Genes from Clinical Samples

Department of Microbiology, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, 112103 Ota, Nigeria
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Pathogens 2019, 8(4), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8040164
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 26 July 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
Recently discovered extraintestinal Escherichia fergusonii obtained from non-clinical samples has exhibited the potential for acquiring multiple beta-lactamase genes, just like many extraintestinal Escherichia coli strains. Albeit, they are often omitted or classified as E. coli. This study aimed to, therefore, identify carbapenem-resistant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing E. fergusonii isolates from clinical samples, determine their evolutionary relatedness using 16S rRNA sequencing analysis and screen for beta-lactamase genes. A total of 135 septic wound samples were obtained from patients on referral at a General Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. For the phenotypic identification of isolates from culture-positive samples, morphological, and physiological tests were carried out. Identities of the isolates harbouring beta-lactamase genes were assigned to their genus strains using the 16S rRNA sequencing. The Kirby Bauer disc diffusion technique and double-disc synergy test were used to screen isolates for multidrug resistance and ESBL production. Carbapenem-resistant ESBL producing isolates were screened for beta-lactamase genes in a polymerase chain reaction. Three E. fergusonii isolates (CR11, CR35 and CR49) were obtained during this study. E. fergusonii strains were motile, non-lactose and non-sorbitol fermenting but positive for cellobiose and adonitol fermentation. The I6S rRNA assigned the phenotypically identified isolates to E. fergusonii species. All three isolates were multidrug-resistant, carbapenem-resistant and ESBL producers. Isolates CR11 and CR35 harboured cefotaximase (CTX-M) and temoniera (TEM) beta-lactamase genes while CR49 harboured sulfhydryl variable (SHV) beta-lactamase gene. We herein report the detection of multiple beta-lactamase genes in carbapenem-resistant ESBL producing E. fergusonii from clinical samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: Escherichia fergusonii; carbapenem resistance; extraintestinal pathogen; Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL); multidrug resistance; Escherichia coli; Wound infections; beta-lactamase gene; antibiotics resistance Escherichia fergusonii; carbapenem resistance; extraintestinal pathogen; Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL); multidrug resistance; Escherichia coli; Wound infections; beta-lactamase gene; antibiotics resistance
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Adesina, T.; Nwinyi, O.; De, N.; Akinnola, O.; Omonigbehin, E. First Detection of Carbapenem-Resistant Escherichia fergusonii Strains Harbouring Beta-Lactamase Genes from Clinical Samples. Pathogens 2019, 8, 164.

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