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Pathogens 2019, 8(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8010003

Serological Survey of Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Dogs from Central Italy: An Update (2013–2017)

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 31 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ticks and Tick Borne Diseases Surveillance)
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Abstract

Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum are tick-borne bacteria of veterinary concern. Indirect immunofluorescent assay was carried out to detect antibodies against E. canis and A. phagocytophilum in 1026 owned dogs living in Central Italy during the period 2013–2017. One hundred and eighty-six (18.12%) dogs were positive for at least one pathogen and 14 (1.36%) for both agents. More in detail, 166 (16.18%) samples were positive for E. canis and 34 (3.31%) for A. phagocytophilum. No statistically significant differences in the seroprevalence values related to gender were detected, whereas the highest rate to E. canis occurred in animals aged more than 10 years. Mean seroprevalence values for both E. canis and A. phagocytophilum detected in 2014 and 2015 were statistically higher with respect to other years. Even though dogs’ owners are informed about the risk of pet infections by tick-borne pathogens and prophylaxis against ticks is often executed, E. canis and A. phagocytophilum are still present and infect the canine population in Central Italy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ehrlichia canis; Anaplasma phagocytophilum; dogs; seroprevalence Ehrlichia canis; Anaplasma phagocytophilum; dogs; seroprevalence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ebani, V.V. Serological Survey of Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Dogs from Central Italy: An Update (2013–2017). Pathogens 2019, 8, 3.

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