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Pathogens 2019, 8(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8010004

Diversity of Bacterial Biota in Capnodis tenebrionis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Larvae

1
Avram and Stella Goldstein-Goren Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel
2
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel
3
Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion 7505101, Israel
4
National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel
5
Department of Life Sciences, Achva Academic College, M.P. Shikmim Arugot 7980400, Israel
Present Address: Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli 791109, Arunachal Pradesh, India.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2018 / Revised: 1 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 6 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Pathogens)
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Abstract

The bacterial biota in larvae of Capnodis tenebrionis, a serious pest of cultivated stone-fruit trees in the West Palearctic, was revealed for the first time using the MiSeq platform. The core bacterial community remained the same in neonates whether upon hatching or grown on peach plants or an artificial diet, suggesting that C. tenebrionis larvae acquire much of their bacterial biome from the parent adult. Reads affiliated with class levels Gammaproteobacteria and Alphaproteobacteria (phylum Proteobacteria ca. 86%), and Actinobacteria (ca. 14%) were highly abundant. Most diverse reads belong to the families Xanthomonadaceae (50%), Methylobacteriaceae (20%), Hyphomicrobiaceae (9%), Micrococcaceae (7%) and Geodermatophilaceae (4.5%). About two-thirds of the reads are affiliated with the genera Lysobacter, Microvirga, Methylobacterium, and Arthrobacter, which encompass species displaying cellulolytic and lipolytic activities. This study provides a foundation for future studies to elucidate the roles of bacterial biota in C. tenebrionis. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial biota; Buprestidae; Capnodis; stonefruit bacterial biota; Buprestidae; Capnodis; stonefruit
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Barak, H.; Kumar, P.; Zaritsky, A.; Mendel, Z.; Ment, D.; Kushmaro, A.; Ben-Dov, E. Diversity of Bacterial Biota in Capnodis tenebrionis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Larvae. Pathogens 2019, 8, 4.

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