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Trichuris muris Model: Role in Understanding Intestinal Immune Response, Inflammation and Host Defense

1
Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University Health Sciences Centre Room 3N7, 1280 Main St. W, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada
2
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, 1200 Main St. W, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luis I. Terrazas
Pathogens 2021, 10(8), 925; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10080925
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Immunobiology of Parasitic Diseases)
Several parasites have evolved to survive in the human intestinal tract and over 1 billion people around the world, specifically in developing countries, are infected with enteric helminths. Trichuris trichiura is one of the world’s most common intestinal parasites that causes human parasitic infections. Trichuris muris, as an immunologically well-defined mouse model of T. trichiura, is extensively used to study different aspects of the innate and adaptive components of the immune system. Studies on T. muris model offer insights into understanding host immunity, since this parasite generates two distinct immune responses in resistant and susceptible strains of mouse. Apart from the immune cells, T. muris infection also influences various components of the intestinal tract, especially the gut microbiota, mucus layer, epithelial cells and smooth muscle cells. Here, we reviewed the different immune responses generated by innate and adaptive immune components during acute and chronic T. muris infections. Furthermore, we discussed the importance of studying T. muris model in understanding host–parasite interaction in the context of alteration in the host’s microbiota, intestinal barrier, inflammation, and host defense, and in parasite infection-mediated modulation of other immune and inflammatory diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: intestinal helminth; Trichuris muris; immune response; host–parasite interaction; host defense; epithelial cells; goblet cells; enteroendocrine cells; smooth muscle cells intestinal helminth; Trichuris muris; immune response; host–parasite interaction; host defense; epithelial cells; goblet cells; enteroendocrine cells; smooth muscle cells
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yousefi, Y.; Haq, S.; Banskota, S.; Kwon, Y.H.; Khan, W.I. Trichuris muris Model: Role in Understanding Intestinal Immune Response, Inflammation and Host Defense. Pathogens 2021, 10, 925. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10080925

AMA Style

Yousefi Y, Haq S, Banskota S, Kwon YH, Khan WI. Trichuris muris Model: Role in Understanding Intestinal Immune Response, Inflammation and Host Defense. Pathogens. 2021; 10(8):925. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10080925

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yousefi, Yeganeh, Sabah Haq, Suhrid Banskota, Yun H. Kwon, and Waliul I. Khan 2021. "Trichuris muris Model: Role in Understanding Intestinal Immune Response, Inflammation and Host Defense" Pathogens 10, no. 8: 925. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10080925

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