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Antibodies Related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis Detected in Serum and Heart Rinses of Wild Small Mammals in the Czech Republic

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Department of Comparative Animal Physiology and General Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kamenice 753/5, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Masaryk University, Kamenice 753/5, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackého tř. 1946/1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Adnan Hodžić and Consuelo Almazán
Pathogens 2021, 10(4), 419; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040419
Received: 6 February 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens at the Wildlife–Domestic Interface)
Wild small mammals are the most common reservoirs of pathogenic microorganisms that can cause zoonotic diseases. The aim of the study was to detect antibodies related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis in wild small mammals from the Czech Republic. In total, sera or heart rinses of 211 wild small mammals (168 Apodemus flavicollis, 28 Myodes glareolus, 9 A. sylvaticus, and 6 Sorex araneus) were examined by modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Antibodies related to B.burgdorferi s.l., C. burnetii, and F. tularensis were detected in 15%, 19%, and 20% of animals, respectively. The prevalence of B. burgdorferi and F. tularensis statistically differed in localities and F. tularensis also differed in sex. Antibodies against 2–3 pathogens were found in 17% of animals with a higher prevalence in M. glareolus. This study brings new data about the prevalence of the above-mentioned pathogens. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lyme disease; Q fever; tularemia; zoonosis; rodents; seroprevalence Lyme disease; Q fever; tularemia; zoonosis; rodents; seroprevalence
MDPI and ACS Style

Žákovská, A.; Bártová, E.; Pittermannová, P.; Budíková, M. Antibodies Related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis Detected in Serum and Heart Rinses of Wild Small Mammals in the Czech Republic. Pathogens 2021, 10, 419. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040419

AMA Style

Žákovská A, Bártová E, Pittermannová P, Budíková M. Antibodies Related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis Detected in Serum and Heart Rinses of Wild Small Mammals in the Czech Republic. Pathogens. 2021; 10(4):419. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040419

Chicago/Turabian Style

Žákovská, Alena, Eva Bártová, Pavlína Pittermannová, and Marie Budíková. 2021. "Antibodies Related to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis Detected in Serum and Heart Rinses of Wild Small Mammals in the Czech Republic" Pathogens 10, no. 4: 419. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040419

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