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Parenting Practices and Adjustment Profiles among Latino Youth in Rural Areas of the United States

Department of Family and Child Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(6), 184; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8060184
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 8 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Understanding Family Diversity: Inclusive Perspectives)
On average, Latino adolescents in the United States (U.S.) are at an elevated risk for developing internalizing symptoms, externalizing behaviors, and engaging in binge drinking. Latino youth in rural U.S. contexts may be particularly at risk. Parent–adolescent relationships may be associated with each of these indicators of maladjustment, as well as the co-occurrence of these issues. In the current study, adjustment profiles based on internalizing symptoms, externalizing behaviors, and binge drinking among 198 Latino adolescents (Mage = 15.90, SD = 1.47) living in rural areas of the United States were examined. Further, the association of adjustment profiles with parental behavioral involvement, parental monitoring, and familial ethnic socialization was tested. Four adjustment profiles emerged from a cluster analysis (i.e., low risk, internalizing risk, externalizing risk, co-occurring risk). Results indicated that adolescents in the co-occurring risk profile reported the lowest levels of parental monitoring compared to the other three profiles, lower familial ethnic socialization compared to the low risk and internalizing risk profiles, and lower parental behavioral involvement compared to the internalizing risk profile. The findings have implications for family-based, culturally informed interventions to encourage positive adjustment among Latino adolescents in rural areas of the United States. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescence; internalizing symptoms; externalizing behaviors; binge drinking; parental behavioral involvement; parental monitoring; familial ethnic socialization; Latino youth adolescence; internalizing symptoms; externalizing behaviors; binge drinking; parental behavioral involvement; parental monitoring; familial ethnic socialization; Latino youth
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Gonzales-Backen, M. Parenting Practices and Adjustment Profiles among Latino Youth in Rural Areas of the United States. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 184.

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