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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8020041

Human Rights Violations and Violent Internal Conflict

1
Department of Political Science, Binghamton University, SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
2
Department of Political Science, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
3
Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina, Asheville, Asheville, NC 28804, USA
4
School of Politics and Global Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85787, USA
5
Department of Political Science, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Politics of Peace and Conflict)
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Abstract

This research project uses econometric methods and comparative, cross-national data to see whether violations of human rights increase the likelihood of the onset or escalation of violent protest, terrorism and/or civil war. The findings show that these types of violent internal conflict will occur and escalate if governments: (1) torture, politically imprison, kill, or “disappear” people, (2) do not allow women to participate fully in the political system, including allowing them to hold high level national political office, and (3) do not allow women to participate fully in the economic life of the nation by ensuring equal pay for equal work, by encouraging their entry to the highest paid occupations, and by protecting them from sexual harassment at their workplaces. These types of violations of human rights and the existence of large horizontal inequalities in societies independently produce an increased risk of the onset and escalation of many forms of violent internal conflict. The results also provide some evidence for the argument that there is a trade-off between liberty and security. View Full-Text
Keywords: human rights; grievance theory; conflict; political violence; women’s rights; torture; disappearances; extrajudicial killings; political imprisonment; horizontal inequality human rights; grievance theory; conflict; political violence; women’s rights; torture; disappearances; extrajudicial killings; political imprisonment; horizontal inequality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cingranelli, D.; Mark, S.; Gibney, M.; Haschke, P.; Wood, R.; Arnon, D. Human Rights Violations and Violent Internal Conflict. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 41.

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