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Design and Fabrication of a Responsive Carrier Component Envelope

1,*,†,‡, 1,‡ and 2
College of Design, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan
School of Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: 123 University Road, Section 3, Douliou, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan, R.O.C.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Buildings 2019, 9(4), 84;
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 5 April 2019 / Accepted: 11 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Responsive Architecture)
PDF [11668 KB, uploaded 15 April 2019]


Responsive architecture comprises the creation of buildings or structural elements of buildings that adapt in response to external stimuli or internal conditions. The responsiveness of such structures rests on addressing constraints from multiple domains of expertise. The dynamic integration of geometric, structural, material and electronic subsystems requires innovative design methods and processes. This paper reports on the design and fabrication of a responsive carrier component envelope (RCCE) that responds by changing shape through kinetic motion. The design of the RCCE is based on geometry and structure of carrier surfaces populated with a kinetic structural component that responds to external stimuli. We extend earlier prototypes to design a modular, component-driven bottom-up system assembly exploring full-scale material and electronic subsystems for the expansion and retraction of a symmetric polar array based on the Hobermann sphere. We test the kinetic responsiveness of the RCCE with material constraints and simulate responses by connecting the adaptive components with programmable input and behavior. Finally, a concrete situation from practice is presented where 16 fully-functional components of the adaptive component are assembled and tested as part of an interactive public placemaking installation at the Shenzhen MakerFaire Exhibition. The RCCE experimental prototype provides new results on the design and construction of an adaptive assembly in system design and planning, choice of fabrication and assembly methods and incorporation of dynamic forms. This paper concludes that the design and assembly of an adaptive structural component based on RCCE presents results for designing sensitive, creative, adaptable and sustainable architecture. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsive architecture; kinetic envelope; adaptive design; interactive architecture; moveable facade components; carrier component structures; sensor interaction; digital fabrication responsive architecture; kinetic envelope; adaptive design; interactive architecture; moveable facade components; carrier component structures; sensor interaction; digital fabrication

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Chang, T.-W.; Huang, H.-Y.; Datta, S. Design and Fabrication of a Responsive Carrier Component Envelope. Buildings 2019, 9, 84.

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