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Durability of Stone Cladding in Buildings: A Case Study of Marble Slabs Affected by Bowing

CONSTRUCT, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2019, 9(11), 229;
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
Bowing is an uncommon pathology that can affect marble stone cladding of building façades, causing a large permanent deflection and the degradation of the flexural and anchoring strength of the stone slabs, which can lead to the cladding falling from the façades. Moreover, the combination of bowing with wind pressure effects on the building façades can increase the risk of fracture and collapse of the stone slabs, especially if this combination is not properly evaluated during design. Motivated by a case study, this work describes a stability evaluation of a 15-year-old building façade coated with marble stone cladding affected by bowing and subjected to wind pressures. This evaluation was focused on the stone slabs, and was performed through finite element model (FEM) numerical simulations of these slabs submitted to wind pressures and through lab tests using samples of stone slabs removed from the building façade. The results obtained demonstrated stability problems on the stone slabs caused by wind pressure-induced stresses combined with the loss of strength due to aging and bowing effects, especially for slabs with larger dimensions. View Full-Text
Keywords: stone cladding; marble; bowing; stability stone cladding; marble; bowing; stability
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Sousa, H.; Sousa, R. Durability of Stone Cladding in Buildings: A Case Study of Marble Slabs Affected by Bowing. Buildings 2019, 9, 229.

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