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Buildings 2018, 8(5), 66;

Preventing Dampness Related Health Risks at the Design Stage of Buildings in Mediterranean Climates: A Cyprus Case Study

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, Design and Architecture, Cyprus International University, Lefkosa 99258, North Cyprus, via Mersin 10, Turkey
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta 99628, North Cyprus, via Mersin 10, Turkey
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 22 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupant Comfort and Well-Being)
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Dampness is a major building challenge that poses a health risk by aiding the growth of mold and other related microorganisms in very humid areas. Thus, the correction of these post-effects results in high maintenance costs via energy consumption, due to the prolonged heating of damp rooms and post-treatment, especially during the winter. A survey of 2000 valid respondents living in apartment-style buildings was conducted and analyzed using SPSS software. In this study, the AutoDesk Computational Fluid Dynamics (ACFD) software was used to perform a simulation for building materials analysis, to evaluate them for suitability in high humidity areas and to select the best building orientation for adequate and natural ventilation. The analysis aimed to observe the indoor air conditions due to environmental air flow conditions. The relationships of the airflow conditions to the material properties were measured. The methodology involves a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis to determine the level and nature of the dampness sources. The Design-Expert Statistical-Software 10 confirmed the simulation results. The simulation revealed a lower percentage of relative humidity and temperature in Adobe walls than in brick walls. View Full-Text
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); dampness; design stage; materials; mold Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); dampness; design stage; materials; mold

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Elinwa, U.K.; Atakara, C.; Ojelabi, I.O.; Abiodun, A.A. Preventing Dampness Related Health Risks at the Design Stage of Buildings in Mediterranean Climates: A Cyprus Case Study. Buildings 2018, 8, 66.

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