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Buildings 2018, 8(10), 133;

Occupational Stress and Workplace Design

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Group, Department of Infrastructure Engineering, Melbourne School of Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic 3010, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 21 September 2018 / Published: 23 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Factors in Green Building)
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The World Green Building Council (WGBC) advocates improvements in employee health, wellbeing, and productivity in buildings as people are about 90% of an organisation’s expense and well exceed building costs and energy costs. It was reported that earlier research on workplace design primarily focused on physical arrangement of employees’ immediate work area, and ambient environmental qualities of the work area. Building organisation, exterior amenities, and site-planning have been given less attention. Therefore, we examine more closely the health relevance of both proximal and remote aspects of workplace design. Occupational stress is a complex phenomenon that is dynamic and evolving over time. This investigation reviews the existing fundamental conceptual models of occupational stress, workplace design, and connection to nature. It aims to develop an improved model relevant to work place design and occupational stress linked with connection to nature. The proposed improved model is presented with an appropriate causal loop diagram to assist in visualizing how different variables in a system are interrelated. The developed model highlights how connection to nature in workspaces can function as a work resource with a dual effect of improving physical wellbeing and psychological wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational stress; workplace design; connection to nature; wellbeing; causal loop diagram occupational stress; workplace design; connection to nature; wellbeing; causal loop diagram

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Hui, F.K.P.; Aye, L. Occupational Stress and Workplace Design. Buildings 2018, 8, 133.

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