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State-of-the-Art Technologies for Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Systems

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena 83521, Egypt
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Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
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Center for Advanced Materials Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
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Chemical Engineering Department, Minia University, Elminia 61519, Egypt
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, International University of Beirut, Beirut P.O. Box 146192, Lebanon
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Lebanese International University, Beirut P.O. Box 146404, Lebanon
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Department of Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
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Mechanical Engineering and Design, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eusébio Z. E. Conceição and Hazim B. Awbi
Buildings 2021, 11(9), 383; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11090383
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 17 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy in Buildings)
Advances in building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems for residential and commercial purposes are set to minimize overall energy requirements and associated greenhouse gas emissions. The BIPV design considerations entail energy infrastructure, pertinent renewable energy sources, and energy efficiency provisions. In this work, the performance of roof/façade-based BIPV systems and the affecting parameters on cooling/heating loads of buildings are reviewed. Moreover, this work provides an overview of different categories of BIPV, presenting the recent developments and sufficient references, and supporting more successful implementations of BIPV for various globe zones. A number of available technologies decide the best selections, and make easy configuration of the BIPV, avoiding any difficulties, and allowing flexibility of design in order to adapt to local environmental conditions, and are adequate to important considerations, such as building codes, building structures and loads, architectural components, replacement and maintenance, energy resources, and all associated expenditure. The passive and active effects of both air-based and water-based BIPV systems have great effects on the cooling and heating loads and thermal comfort and, hence, on the electricity consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: BIPVT; performance; renewable energy; PV modules; building; economic aspects BIPVT; performance; renewable energy; PV modules; building; economic aspects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maghrabie, H.M.; Abdelkareem, M.A.; Al-Alami, A.H.; Ramadan, M.; Mushtaha, E.; Wilberforce, T.; Olabi, A.G. State-of-the-Art Technologies for Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Systems. Buildings 2021, 11, 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11090383

AMA Style

Maghrabie HM, Abdelkareem MA, Al-Alami AH, Ramadan M, Mushtaha E, Wilberforce T, Olabi AG. State-of-the-Art Technologies for Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Systems. Buildings. 2021; 11(9):383. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11090383

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maghrabie, Hussein M., Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Abdul Hai Al-Alami, Mohamad Ramadan, Emad Mushtaha, Tabbi Wilberforce, and Abdul Ghani Olabi. 2021. "State-of-the-Art Technologies for Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Systems" Buildings 11, no. 9: 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11090383

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