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Article

Quantification of Air Change Rate by Selected Methods in a Typical Apartment Building

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Department of Building Structures, Institute of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Vysokoskolska 4, 042 00 Kosice, Slovakia
2
Building Services Department, Institute of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Vysokoskolska 4, 042 00 Kosice, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brent Stephens
Buildings 2021, 11(4), 174; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11040174
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 April 2021 / Published: 18 April 2021
An important parameter that affects indoor climate of buildings and also ventilation heat losses and gains is the speed of air change between the outdoor environment and the interior of buildings. Indoor air quality is therefore significantly associated with ventilation. Quantification of air change rate is complicated, because it is impacted by many parameters, the most variable of which is air flow. This study focuses on the determination and comparison of air change rate values in two methods by quantification of the aerodynamic coefficient Cp = Cpe − Cpi, so-called “aerodynamic quantification of the building” and the methodology based on “experimental measurements of carbon dioxide”. The study describes and takes into account the effect of wind, building parameters and air permeability for the building using “aerodynamic quantification of the building”. The paper compares these calculated results with the values obtained from experimental measurements method of carbon dioxide in a selected reference room in apartment building and evaluates the accuracy of the prediction of the air exchange rate obtained by these methods. At higher wind speeds the values of air change rate with considering the effect of openings are closer to the values obtained based on experimental measurements of carbon dioxide and the difference between the values without considering the effect of openings increases significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: apartment building; aerodynamic coefficient; wind speed; air change rate; concentration of carbon dioxide; experimental measurement apartment building; aerodynamic coefficient; wind speed; air change rate; concentration of carbon dioxide; experimental measurement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bullová, I.; Kapalo, P.; Katunský, D. Quantification of Air Change Rate by Selected Methods in a Typical Apartment Building. Buildings 2021, 11, 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11040174

AMA Style

Bullová I, Kapalo P, Katunský D. Quantification of Air Change Rate by Selected Methods in a Typical Apartment Building. Buildings. 2021; 11(4):174. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11040174

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bullová, Iveta, Peter Kapalo, and Dušan Katunský. 2021. "Quantification of Air Change Rate by Selected Methods in a Typical Apartment Building" Buildings 11, no. 4: 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11040174

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