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Article

Framing and Evaluating the Best Practices of IFC-Based Automated Rule Checking: A Case Study

1
Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Junbok Lee
Buildings 2021, 11(10), 456; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100456
Received: 16 September 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 1 October 2021 / Published: 3 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced BIM Application in Construction and Buildings)
This research reviews recent advances in the domain of Automated Rule Checking (ARC) and argues that current systems are predominantly designed to validate models in post-design stages, useful for applications such as e-permitting. However, such a design-check-separated paradigm imposes a burden on designers as they need to iteratively fix the fail-to-pass issues. Accordingly, the study reviews the best-practices of IFC-based ARC systems and proposes a framework for ARC system development, aiming to achieve proactive bottom-up solutions building upon the requirements and resources of end-users. To present and evaluate its capabilities, the framework is implemented in a real-life case study. The case study presents all the necessary steps that should be taken for the development of an ARC solution from rule selection and analysis, to implementation and feedback. It is explained how a rule checking problem can be broken down into separate modules implemented in an iterative approach. Results show that the proposed framework is feasible for successful implementation of ARC systems and highlight that a stable data standard and modeling guideline is needed to achieve proactive ARC solutions. The study also discusses that there are some critical limitations in using IFC which need to be addressed in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Automated Rule Checking (ARC); Building Information Modeling (BIM); Industry Foundation Classes (IFC); proactive design; smart design Automated Rule Checking (ARC); Building Information Modeling (BIM); Industry Foundation Classes (IFC); proactive design; smart design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sobhkhiz, S.; Zhou, Y.-C.; Lin, J.-R.; El-Diraby, T.E. Framing and Evaluating the Best Practices of IFC-Based Automated Rule Checking: A Case Study. Buildings 2021, 11, 456. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100456

AMA Style

Sobhkhiz S, Zhou Y-C, Lin J-R, El-Diraby TE. Framing and Evaluating the Best Practices of IFC-Based Automated Rule Checking: A Case Study. Buildings. 2021; 11(10):456. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobhkhiz, Soroush, Yu-Cheng Zhou, Jia-Rui Lin, and Tamer E. El-Diraby. 2021. "Framing and Evaluating the Best Practices of IFC-Based Automated Rule Checking: A Case Study" Buildings 11, no. 10: 456. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100456

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