Next Article in Journal
Framing and Evaluating the Best Practices of IFC-Based Automated Rule Checking: A Case Study
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Study on Engineering Properties of Cement Concrete Reinforced with Nylon and Jute Fibers
 
 
Article

The Relationship between Urban Density and Building Energy Consumption

1
Department of Civil Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, Chestnut Street 3141, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2
Department of Urban Policy and Planning, Hunter College, Park Avenue 695, New York, NY 10065, USA
3
School-to-School International, Palmetto Avenue 1625, Pacifica, CA 94044, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabrizio Ascione
Buildings 2021, 11(10), 455; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100455
Received: 21 July 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 3 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Building Energy, Physics, Environment, and Systems)
Neighborhood characteristics influence natural urban energy fluxes and the choices made by urban actors. This article focuses on the impact of urban density as a neighborhood physical parameter on building energy consumption profiles for seven different metropolitan areas in the United States. Primarily, 30 × 30 m2 cells were classified into five categories of settlement density using the US Geological Survey’s National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD), the US Census, and Census Block data. In the next step, linear hierarchical spatial and non-spatial models were developed and applied to building energy data in those seven metropolitan areas to explore the links between urban density (and other urban form parameters) and energy performance, using both frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Our results indicate that urban density is correlated with energy-use intensity (EUI), but its impact is not similar across different metropolitan areas. The outcomes of our analysis further show that the distance from buildings within which the influence of urban form parameters on EUI is most significant varies by city and negatively changes with urban density. Although the relationship between urban density parameters and EUI varies across cities, tree-cover area, impervious area, and neighborhood building-covered area have a more consistent impact compared to building and housing density. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban form; urban energy modeling; metropolitan spatial structure; urban density; urban surface temperature urban form; urban energy modeling; metropolitan spatial structure; urban density; urban surface temperature
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mostafavi, N.; Heris, M.P.; Gándara, F.; Hoque, S. The Relationship between Urban Density and Building Energy Consumption. Buildings 2021, 11, 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100455

AMA Style

Mostafavi N, Heris MP, Gándara F, Hoque S. The Relationship between Urban Density and Building Energy Consumption. Buildings. 2021; 11(10):455. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100455

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mostafavi, Nariman, Mehdi Pourpeikari Heris, Fernanda Gándara, and Simi Hoque. 2021. "The Relationship between Urban Density and Building Energy Consumption" Buildings 11, no. 10: 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100455

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop