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Open AccessArticle

Most Frequent Problems of Building Structures of Urban Apartment Buildings from 2nd Half of 19th Century and the Start of 20th Century

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic
Buildings 2021, 11(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010027
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 1 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment, Diagnosis and Service Life Prediction)
An urban residential building from the second half of the 19th century and the start of the 20th century, the so-called tenement house, is a significant representative of the architecture of the developing urban fabric in Central Europe. The vertical and horizontal load-bearing structures of these houses currently tend to show characteristic, repeated defects and failures. Their knowledge may, in many cases, facilitate and speed up the design of the historic building’s restoration without compromising its heritage value in this process. The article presents the summary of the most frequently occurring defects and failures of these buildings. The summary, however, is not an absolute one, and, in the case of major damage to the building, it still applies that, first of all, a detailed analysis of the causes and consequences of defects and failures must be made as a basic prerequisite for the reliability and long-term durability of the building’s restoration and rehabilitation. An integral part of the rehabilitation of buildings must be the elimination of the causes of the appearance of their failures and remediation of all defects impairing their structural safety, health safety and energy efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: apartment building; 19th century; horizontal structure; vertical structure; defects; failures apartment building; 19th century; horizontal structure; vertical structure; defects; failures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kroftova, K. Most Frequent Problems of Building Structures of Urban Apartment Buildings from 2nd Half of 19th Century and the Start of 20th Century. Buildings 2021, 11, 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010027

AMA Style

Kroftova K. Most Frequent Problems of Building Structures of Urban Apartment Buildings from 2nd Half of 19th Century and the Start of 20th Century. Buildings. 2021; 11(1):27. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kroftova, Klara. 2021. "Most Frequent Problems of Building Structures of Urban Apartment Buildings from 2nd Half of 19th Century and the Start of 20th Century" Buildings 11, no. 1: 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010027

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