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Friction Stir Spot Welding with Additional Bonding of Thick Sheet Aluminum Joints

Department for Cutting and Joining Manufacturing Processes, University of Kassel, Kurt Wolters Str. 3, 34125 Kassel, Germany
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Metals 2019, 9(7), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9070732
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 26 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
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Abstract

The high-strength aluminum alloys offer great potential for realizing lightweight constructions in car body construction. However, the use of aluminum alloys increases the overall thickness of the material, which poses new challenges for potential joining processes. This paper examines a process combination of friction stir spot welding (FSSW) and bonding for 4 mm EN AW 6082-T6 sheets. For the investigations, adhesive or glass beads were applied between the joining components and then the sheets were welded using FSSW. The analysis shows that the adhesive and the glass beads have a very small influence on the joint formation. The use of glass beads in FSSW with bonding is recommended because less adhesive is displaced from the joint area, which increases the joint strength. The target of obtaining high weld spot strengths without strength-reducing adhesive burn-off could not be achieved because a certain residence time is necessary to form a weld spot with high strength at this sheet thickness in order to sufficiently plasticize the material. Adhesive burn-up cannot be completely avoided. For this reason, it is necessary to weigh up which characteristics are required for the specific application and adjust the welding parameters accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: friction stir spot welding; bonding; thick sheet; aluminum alloy; hybrid connection friction stir spot welding; bonding; thick sheet; aluminum alloy; hybrid connection
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Hatzky, M.; Frank, A.; Böhm, S. Friction Stir Spot Welding with Additional Bonding of Thick Sheet Aluminum Joints. Metals 2019, 9, 732.

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