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Open AccessArticle

Springback Prediction of a Hot Stamping Component Based on the Area Fractions of Phases

by 1,2, 1 and 1,*
Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, Ministry of Education and College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
Rolling Forging Research Institute, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(6), 694;
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
Different from traditional hot stamping components with full martensite, the new tailored hot stamping (THS) components have different quenched microstructures, which results in their lower shape accuracy. To investigate the influence of different quenched phases on the springback of a component, a THS experiment of a U-shaped component was performed with segmented heating and a cooling tool. The area fractions of phases at different tool temperatures were obtained by a two-stage color tint etching procedure. Results showed that the quenched phase of the cold zone was almost full martensite. The area fraction of martensite in the hot zone was reduced to the lowest 13% at the tool temperature of 600 °C, while the bainite content reached the highest at 70%. The springback angles at different tool temperatures for quenching were measured by 3D scanning technology and the reverse modeling method. It was revealed that the springback angle increased with the increase of martensite and yet decreased with the increase of bainite. The relationship between the springback angle and the area fractions of the quenched phases was established by means of multiple linear regression analyses. The error analysis results of the predictions and measurements showed that the springback analysis model, based on the area fractions of quenched phases, could be used to predict the springback of hot stamping components with tailored properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: boron steel; tailored hot stamping; phase transition; springback boron steel; tailored hot stamping; phase transition; springback
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Li, X.; Yan, X.; Zhang, Z. Springback Prediction of a Hot Stamping Component Based on the Area Fractions of Phases. Metals 2019, 9, 694.

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