2.25Cr-1Mo steel with high strength at high temperatures and superior hydrogen resistance is widely used as power generation boiler material in high-temperature and high-pressure environments. Following the test evaluation of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, specimens from the base metal of a boiler pipe were found to have impact toughness values of 386 and 28J, which are drastically different values. The analysis of the fracture surface of the 28J test specimen revealed MnS inclusions and it was found that cracks were initiated at the inclusions. Observation of the cross-section of the crack propagation front revealed that cracks propagated along the ferrite regions and precipitate voids. Inclusions were also found in the 386J impact specimen. However, the volume fraction of the inclusions was significantly less than that of the 28J specimen. It was also found that the ferrite and carbide content of the 386J specimen was less than the 28J specimen. The reason that the inclusions, ferrite, and carbide content differed in the two adjacent impact test specimens was analyzed. The effects of micro-segregation such as MnS inclusions on ferrite and carbide were compared and analyzed.
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