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Review

A Systematic Review of Structural Reliability Methods for Deformation and Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Jacket Structures

1
Energy and Power Theme, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
2
Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2021, 11(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010050
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microstructure, Deformation, and Fatigue Behavior in Metals)
This paper presents the state of the art in Structural Reliability Analysis (SRA) methods with a view of identifying key applications of each method and its proposed variations, qualifying characteristics, advantages, and limitations. Due to the increasing complexity and scale of modern offshore jacket structures, it becomes increasingly necessary to propose an accurate and efficient approach for the assessment of uncertainties in their material properties, geometric dimensions, and operating environments. SRA, as a form of uncertainty analysis, has been demonstrated to be a useful tool in the design of structures because it can directly quantify how uncertainty about input parameters can affect structural performance. Herein, attention was focused specifically on the probabilistic fracture mechanics approach because this accounts accurately for fatigue reliability mostly encountered as being dominant in the design of such structures. The well-established analytical/approximate methods such as the First- and Second-Order Reliability Methods (FORM/SORM) are widely used as they offer a good balance between accuracy and efficiency for realistic problems. They are, however, inaccurate in cases of highly non-linear systems. As a result, they have been modified using methods such as conjugate search direction approach, saddle point approximation, subset simulation, evidence theory, etc. in order to improve accuracy. Initially, direct simulations methods such as the Monte Carlo Simulation Method (MCS) with its various variance reduction techniques such as the Importance Sampling (IS), Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS), etc. are ideal for structures having non-linear limit states but perform poorly for problems that calculate very low probabilities of failure. Overall, each method has its own merits and limitation, with FORM/SORM being the most commonly used, but recently, simulation methods have increasingly been used due to continuous advances in computation powers. Other relevant methods include the Response Surface Methods (RSM) and the Surrogate Models/Meta-models (SM/MM), which are advanced approximation methods and are ideal for structures with implicit limit state functions and high-reliability indices. Combinations of advanced approximation methods and reliability analysis methods are also found in literature as they can be suitable for complex, highly non-linear problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: probabilistic fracture mechanics; SRA; FORM; SORM; MCS; RSM probabilistic fracture mechanics; SRA; FORM; SORM; MCS; RSM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shittu, A.A.; Kolios, A.; Mehmanparast, A. A Systematic Review of Structural Reliability Methods for Deformation and Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Jacket Structures. Metals 2021, 11, 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010050

AMA Style

Shittu AA, Kolios A, Mehmanparast A. A Systematic Review of Structural Reliability Methods for Deformation and Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Jacket Structures. Metals. 2021; 11(1):50. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shittu, Abdulhakim A., Athanasios Kolios, and Ali Mehmanparast. 2021. "A Systematic Review of Structural Reliability Methods for Deformation and Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Jacket Structures" Metals 11, no. 1: 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010050

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