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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Dislocation Emission and Crack Dislocation Interactions

1
Volunteer Emeritus, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
2
Materials Science and Technology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(4), 473; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10040473
Received: 3 January 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 19 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dislocation Mechanics of Metal Plasticity and Fracturing)
An understanding of the crack initiation and crack growth in metals spanning the entire spectrum of conventional and advanced has long been a major scientific challenge. It is known that dislocations are involved both in the initiation and propagation of cracks in metals and alloys. In this review, we first describe the experimental observations of dislocation emission from cracks under stress. Then the role played by these dislocations in fatigue and fracture is considered at a fundamental level by considering the interactions of crack and dislocations emitted from the crack. We obtain precise expression for the equilibrium positions of dislocations in an array ahead of crack tip. We estimate important parameters, such as plastic zone size, dislocation free zone and dislocation stress intensity factor for the analysis of crack propagation. Finally, we describe very recent novel and significant results, such as residual stresses and relatively large lattice rotations across a number of grains in front of the crack that accompanies fatigue process. View Full-Text
Keywords: crack tip dislocations; TEM; grain rotation; fatigue; dislocation configurations; residual stress crack tip dislocations; TEM; grain rotation; fatigue; dislocation configurations; residual stress
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Pande, C.S.; Goswami, R. Dislocation Emission and Crack Dislocation Interactions. Metals 2020, 10, 473.

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