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Recycling Chain for Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries

Institute of Mechanical Process Engineering and Mineral Processing, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
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Metals 2020, 10(3), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10030316
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 25 February 2020 / Accepted: 26 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
The recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries (LIB) is becoming increasingly important with regard to environmental, economic, geostrategic, and health aspects due to the increasing amount of LIB produced, introduced into the market, and being spent in the following years. The recycling itself becomes a challenge to face on one hand the special aspects of LIB-technology and on the other hand to reply to the idea of circular economy. In this paper, we analyze the different recycling concepts for spent LIBs and categorize them according to state-of-the-art schemes of waste treatment technology. Therefore, we structure the different processes into process stages and unit processes. Several recycling technologies are treating spent lithium-ion batteries worldwide focusing on one or several process stages or unit processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental technologies; waste treatment; recycling; spent lithium-ion batteries; recycling chain; process stages; unit processes; industrial recycling technologies environmental technologies; waste treatment; recycling; spent lithium-ion batteries; recycling chain; process stages; unit processes; industrial recycling technologies
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Werner, D.; Peuker, U.A.; Mütze, T. Recycling Chain for Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries. Metals 2020, 10, 316.

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