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A Study on the Effect of Ultrafine SiC Additions on Corrosion and Wear Performance of Alumina-Silicon Carbide Composite Material Produced by SPS Sintering

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Vaal University of Technology, Vanderbijlpark 1911, South Africa
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Metals 2020, 10(10), 1337; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10101337
Received: 2 September 2020 / Revised: 12 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 7 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sintering Process of Metallic Materials)
Alumina-silicon carbide (Al2O3–SiC) composites of varying compositions (15, 20, 25 and 30 vol.%)–SiC were produced by the ball milling of Al2O3 and SiC powders, followed by spark plasma sintering. The samples were sintered at a temperature and pressure of 1600 °C and 50 MPa, respectively, thermally etched at 1400 °C and mechanically fractured by hammer impact. The effect of SiC additions to monolithic Al2O3 on the densification response, microstructural and phase evolutions, and fracture morphologies were evaluated. The wear performance of the composites using a ball-on-sample configuration was evaluated and compared to that of monolithic Al2O3. In addition, the corrosion performance of the composites in a 3.5% NaCl solution was examined using open circuit potential and potentiodynamic polarization assessments. SiC additions to monolithic Al2O3 delayed densification due to the powder agglomeration resulting from the powder processing. SiC particles were observed to be located inside Al2O3 grains and some at grain boundaries. Intergranular and transgranular fracture modes were observed on the fractured composite surfaces. The study has shown that the Al2O3–SiC composite is a promising material for improved wear resistance with SiC content increments higher than 15 vol.%. Moreover, the increase in SiC content displayed no improvement in corrosion performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: SPS; corrosion; wear; alumina-silicon carbide; composite SPS; corrosion; wear; alumina-silicon carbide; composite
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Mogale, N.F.; Matizamhuka, W.R. A Study on the Effect of Ultrafine SiC Additions on Corrosion and Wear Performance of Alumina-Silicon Carbide Composite Material Produced by SPS Sintering. Metals 2020, 10, 1337.

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