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Societies 2018, 8(3), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8030051

Sociology’s Role in the Teaching of Organizational Behavior in Higher Education. The Case of Hospitality Management

1
Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences—CICS.NOVA, 1069-061 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies, 2769-510 Estoril, Portugal
3
CITUR-Centre for Research in Tourism, Estoril Pole, 2769-510 Estoril, Portugal
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training Models and Practices in Sociology)
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Abstract

Teaching in universities, especially in management schools, is today orientated to solving-problems and operational skills’ development, short-term productivity gains and to a vocational perspective. This represents an impoverishment of a deeper learning, an obstacle to the development of competences in a broader and integrative sense and the absence of a critical thinking practice. These are important tools to enhance in students and future managers, as specific social actors, abilities to act in a conscious, autonomous and long-term efficacious manner in society. This essay’s objective is to problematize the role that sociology could assume in the overcoming of that impoverishment, namely within the curricular unit of organizational behavior in two ways. First, teaching the social and macro dimensions that contribute to explain organizational structuring and behavior. Secondly, enhancing reflexivity and contextualization on the practices and discourses of all social actors involved and disassembling the dominant ideological, naturalized and simplistic individualized view on the reality of labor, employment and organizations. This is especially relevant in hospitality management studies because the dominant discourse about hospitality organizations hide, under a hegemonic paradigm of naturalized and individualized explanations, the macro-social dimensions of its organizational culture, work conditions, employees’ behaviors, management styles and market labor. View Full-Text
Keywords: sociology; organizational behavior; hospitality management; critical thinking; deep learning; competences; management studies; higher education teaching sociology; organizational behavior; hospitality management; critical thinking; deep learning; competences; management studies; higher education teaching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ferraz, J. Sociology’s Role in the Teaching of Organizational Behavior in Higher Education. The Case of Hospitality Management. Societies 2018, 8, 51.

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