Next Article in Journal
Sociology’s Role in the Teaching of Organizational Behavior in Higher Education. The Case of Hospitality Management
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the Great Recession on Perceived Immigrant Threat: A Cross-National Study of 22 Countries
Previous Article in Journal
The Generational Dimension in Transitions: A Theoretical Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Tax Constraints, Social Policy Preferences, and Support for Redistribution
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Societies 2018, 8(3), 50;

Retirement Expectations in Germany—Towards Rising Social Inequality?

Institute of Gerontology, Technical University Dortmund, 44339 Dortmund, Germany
Received: 1 May 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Attitudes about Inequalities)
Full-Text   |   PDF [771 KB, uploaded 10 July 2018]   |  


In the last 20 years, German policy makers have reformed the pension system and the labor market with the aim of prolonging working life. As a consequence, older workers’ employment rate and average retirement age rose. In addition to the actual behavior of today’s retiree cohorts, the reforms also influence the expected retirement age of future pensioners, the development of which will be investigated in this paper, arguing that they have adapted to the reforms and increased their expected retirement age. The analyses are based on data from the SOEP and DEAS survey and results show an increase of the expected retirement age. However, while high-skilled workers both want and expect to retire late, low-skilled workers prefer to retire early but expect that they have to work longer in order to ensure a reasonable pension. This finding hints at rising social inequality in the transition from work to retirement. View Full-Text
Keywords: retirement; Germany; social inequality; expected retirement age; ageing; pension policy; SOEP; DEAS retirement; Germany; social inequality; expected retirement age; ageing; pension policy; SOEP; DEAS

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hess, M. Retirement Expectations in Germany—Towards Rising Social Inequality? Societies 2018, 8, 50.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Societies EISSN 2075-4698 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top