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Open AccessArticle

Perfectionism, Body Satisfaction and Dieting in Athletes: The Role of Gender and Sport Type

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0632, New Zealand
3
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, 16000 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(8), 181; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7080181
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychophysiological Response in Sports)
Athletes are often at a greater risk for disordered eating development due to their perfectionistic tendencies, as well as physical performance- and appearance-related demands of various sports in which they compete. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of independent contributions of perfectionism and body satisfaction on dieting behaviour among male and female athletes. Two-hundred-eighty (192 male; 88 female) athletes provided their answers on the Eating Attitudes Test 26 (EAT-26), Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale (PANPS) and modified Body Image Satisfaction Scale from Body Image and Body Change Inventory. No gender or sport type differences were observed in dieting behaviour and body satisfaction was the only significant predictor of dieting for female athletes. Mediation analysis demonstrated that body satisfaction is a mediator between both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and dieting. These findings emphasize the important role that body satisfaction has in disordered eating development in female athletes. View Full-Text
Keywords: eating disorders; sport; perfectionistic strivings; perfectionistic concerns; body image eating disorders; sport; perfectionistic strivings; perfectionistic concerns; body image
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Prnjak, K.; Jukic, I.; Tufano, J.J. Perfectionism, Body Satisfaction and Dieting in Athletes: The Role of Gender and Sport Type. Sports 2019, 7, 181.

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