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Residents of Central Queensland, Australia Are Aware of Healthy Eating Practices but Consume Unhealthy Diets

Human Exercise and Training Laboratory, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland 4701, Australia
School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland 4701, Australia
Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108, USA
La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria 3550, Australia
Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2017, 5(4), 94;
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical and Sports Nutrition)
PDF [789 KB, uploaded 11 December 2017]


We aimed to determine nutritional knowledge and behaviors of normal weight, overweight, and obese residents of Central Queensland, Australia. Data were collected as part of the 2010 Central Queensland Social Survey (N = 1289). Residents were asked questions assessing nutritional knowledge and behaviors. Statistical analyses were performed to examine differences in nutritional knowledge and behaviors by body mass index (BMI) classification: normal weight, overweight, and obese. Independent of BMI, residents ate fewer than the recommended daily servings of vegetables (p < 0.05) and fruits (p < 0.05) with no differences found between BMI classifications. Overweight (OR: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.13–2.04) and obese (OR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.04–1.98) residents were more likely to have eaten fast food the week of the survey than normal weight residents. Residents correctly identified the amount of kilocalories required to maintain current body weight with no differences between BMI classifications. Each BMI classification underestimated the amount of kilojoules required to maintain current body weight (p < 0.05). Nutritional knowledge may not be the limiting factor preventing residents from making proper nutritional choices. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; knowledge; education nutrition; knowledge; education

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Dalbo, V.J.; Hiskens, M.I.; Teramoto, M.; Kingsley, M.I.; Young, K.C.; Scanlan, A.T. Residents of Central Queensland, Australia Are Aware of Healthy Eating Practices but Consume Unhealthy Diets. Sports 2017, 5, 94.

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