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Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Injuries during Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Training

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
Department of Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA [email protected]
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Sports 2017, 5(2), 39;
Received: 17 April 2017 / Revised: 5 June 2017 / Accepted: 8 June 2017 / Published: 12 June 2017
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art that focuses on groundwork, joint locks, and chokeholds. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of injuries sustained during BJJ training. A 27-question research survey was e-mailed to 166 BJJ gyms in the United States. Demographic information, belt level, weight class, training hours, competition experience, and injury prevalence data were collected. The majority of respondents were Caucasian (n = 96) males (n = 121) with an average age of 30.3 years. Overall, the most common injury locations were to the hand and fingers (n = 70), foot and toes (n = 52), and arm and elbow (n = 51). The most common medically diagnosed conditions were skin infections (n = 38), injuries to the knee (n =26), and foot and toes (n = 19). The most common non-medically diagnosed injuries occurred to the hand and fingers (n = 56), arm and elbow (n = 40), and foot and toes (n = 33). In general, athletes were more likely to sustain distal rather than proximal injuries. Athletes reported more frequent medically diagnosed injuries to the lower extremity and more frequent self-diagnosed injuries to the upper extremity. Upper extremity injuries appear to be more frequent but less severe than lower extremity injuries with the opposite being true for lower extremity injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brazilian jiu-jitsu; martial arts; combat sports; training injury Brazilian jiu-jitsu; martial arts; combat sports; training injury
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MDPI and ACS Style

McDonald, A.R.; Murdock, F.A., Jr.; McDonald, J.A.; Wolf, C.J. Prevalence of Injuries during Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Training. Sports 2017, 5, 39.

AMA Style

McDonald AR, Murdock FA Jr., McDonald JA, Wolf CJ. Prevalence of Injuries during Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Training. Sports. 2017; 5(2):39.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McDonald, Alex R.; Murdock, Fred A., Jr.; McDonald, Josh A.; Wolf, Christopher J. 2017. "Prevalence of Injuries during Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Training" Sports 5, no. 2: 39.

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