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Exercise, Osteoporosis, and Bone Geometry

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast campus, Gold Coast 4222, Australia
School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast campus, Gold Coast 4222, Australia
The Bone Clinic, Coorparoo, Brisbane 4151, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony Leicht
Sports 2017, 5(2), 29;
Received: 6 April 2017 / Revised: 8 May 2017 / Accepted: 8 May 2017 / Published: 12 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Chronic Disease)
PDF [226 KB, uploaded 12 May 2017]


Exercise is commonly recommended in the prevention and management of osteoporosis. The most common method to monitor bone mass and its response to interventions is bone densitometry. While closely associated with risk of fracture, densitometry-derived areal bone mineral density (aBMD) does not provide a reliable indication of bone geometry or morphological adaptation to stimuli. In fact, the effects of exercise interventions on aBMD are frequently modest, and may not fully represent the benefit of exercise to bone. Animal models suggest that mechanical loading indeed influences bone geometry and thus strength. Such an effect in humans has the potential to reduce osteoporotic fracture. The aim of the current narrative review is to provide an overview of what is known about the effects of exercise on bone geometry, with a focus on relevance to osteoporosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone geometry; exercise; older adults; osteoporosis; physical activity; review bone geometry; exercise; older adults; osteoporosis; physical activity; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Harding, A.T.; Beck, B.R. Exercise, Osteoporosis, and Bone Geometry. Sports 2017, 5, 29.

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