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Open AccessArticle

Sperm Cells of a Primitive Strepsipteran

Department of Entomology, University of Illinois, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Department of Zoology and Physical Anthropology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia 30100, Spain
Biological Electron Microscopy, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, Room 125, University of Illinois, 104 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Imaging Technology Group, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, 405 N. Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2013, 4(3), 463-475;
Received: 1 July 2013 / Revised: 7 August 2013 / Accepted: 15 August 2013 / Published: 4 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers 2013)
The unusual life style of Strepsiptera has presented a long-standing puzzle in establishing its affinity to other insects. Although Strepsiptera share few structural similarities with other insect orders, all members of this order share a parasitic life style with members of two distinctive families in the Coleoptera—the order now considered the most closely related to Strepsiptera based on recent genomic evidence. Among the structural features of several strepsipteran families and other insect families that have been surveyed are the organization of testes and ultrastructure of sperm cells. For comparison with existing information on insect sperm structure, this manuscript presents a description of testes and sperm of a representative of the most primitive extant strepsipteran family Mengenillidae, Eoxenos laboulbenei. We compare sperm structure of E. laboulbenei from this family with that of the three other families of Strepsiptera in the other strepsipteran suborder Stylopidia that have been studied as well as with members of the beetle families Meloidae and Rhipiphoridae that share similar life histories with Strepsiptera. Meloids, Rhipiphorids and Strepsipterans all begin larval life as active and viviparous first instar larvae. This study examines global features of these insects’ sperm cells along with specific ultrastructural features of their organelles. View Full-Text
Keywords: testis; sperm structure; Strepsiptera; Meloidae; Rhipiphoridae testis; sperm structure; Strepsiptera; Meloidae; Rhipiphoridae
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nardi, J.B.; Delgado, J.A.; Collantes, F.; Miller, L.A.; Bee, C.M.; Kathirithamby, J. Sperm Cells of a Primitive Strepsipteran. Insects 2013, 4, 463-475.

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